The period 1945–1948 are a time of massive migrations of people on Polish lands. The largest part of this is forced – shifting borders resulted in replacing Poles from eastern voivodeships of the Second Republic now occupied by the USSR and in the displacement of Germans living in the regions of Silesia, Pomerania and East Prussia ceded to Poland. Everybody had to find a new place to live and build new social bonds.
“At the Warsaw East Station, I saw colorful posters encouraging settlement in the mythic Western Territories. I walked past them, indifferent so far. 'Varsovians, Settle in Elbląg!' – the fabulously colorful poster tempted with luxurious villas in gardens, comfort and splendor. Opportunity! I wasn’t a Varsovian at that time, but a repatriate thrown out to the margins, so did I have anything to lose? Everything to gain: work, apartment... I made the desperate decision: We'll head west!” — Zdzisław Żaba (from: "Settlers," edited by A. Knyt)
Names of places and streets, monuments, signs, labels on taps for cold and hot water – the resettled lands were marked by traces of former German inhabitants. Introduction of Polish names was a kind social need to domesticate the culturally foreign environment by settlers who happened to now live there.