19th century Logging – an organized activity
The next step taken by the Austrian authorities after acquiring the forest was to bring in settlers of
German origin, mostly from the Zips region, in order to work the
new resources belonging to the Austrian State. The settlers consolidated the banks of the Rivers Vaser and Novăț, building numerous dams and weirs, of which the most
important and the only one left today is the Macârlău dam with a water volume
of 172,000 cubic metres. Thus the principle means of timber transport in the
Vaser Valley until the interwar period was rafting, 50,000 cubic metres of
timber annually making their way to Hungary by this route.