Jean Baptiste Debret
There are many facets of Debret as an illustrator of Brazilian customs and as an official painter, who registered events and ceremonies involving the Portuguese Royal Family then exiled in Rio de Janeiro and the historical facts after Independence. The paintings of Debret presented remain faithful to the neoclassical program and its afterwards in the Napoleonic period, the Empire style. This fidelity to the French school headed by his relative and mentor, Jacques Louis Davis (1742-1825), is reflected in works such as: Portrait of D. João VI and the Study for arrival of Dona Leopoldina in Brazil, both from 1817.
Nicolas Antoine Taunay
He was born in Paris. At the age of thirteen, he entered the studio of Lepicié and then of Brenet. Soon after, he studied with Casanova, painter of battles and landscapes, whom he considered his master. In 1784. He obtained a pension to study at the French Academy in Rome. He came to Brazil in 1816, part of the so-called French Mission, which would provide the neoclassical outbreak in our father and promote the founding of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts. Here, he was one of the setters of the urban landscape of Rio during the five years that lived in that city.
Grandjean de Montigny
First official professor of architecture in Brazil, he arrived in Rio de Janeiro in 1816, a member of the French Artistic Mission. His formation took place in the School of Fine Arts of Paris, under the direction of Delannoy, Percier and Fontaine. In 1799, he was awarded with the Great Prize of Rome.
Taking advantage of his stay in Italy, he made several trips around the country. He returned to Paris in 1808 and participated in competitions opened by Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte. In 1810, invited by Jerônimo Bonaparte, king of the Westphalia, created works in Cassel. In Brazil, where he died, he made several works in neoclassical style, giving the architecture of Rio de Janeiro a new artistic conception.
In 1866, when he took over the direction of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts Nicolas Taunay, the Ferrez brothers were appointed professors of sculpture and medal engraving chairs. From this moment, they begin to form students, working a neoclassical production, with clear influence of the Roman art of the republican period.
Manuel de Araújo Porto Alegre
Porto Alegre's qualified and multiple activity, who was a painter, architect, forerunner of the art of caricature, our historiography and art criticism, and a poet of recognized importance within the Brazilian romantic movement, brought them great renown in cultural circles in Brazil of his time. He was also Director of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts, between 1854 and 1857, with outstanding performance. As a painter, in addition to his compositions of historical character, with a strong neoclassical accent, he painted typical themes of romantic art,
Francisco Manuel Chaves Pinheiro
He began his studies with Marc Ferrez at the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts. In 1850, he entered the magisterium, being named Substitute of the Sculpture Chair, where, two years later, became titular. His style was strongly influenced by neoclassicism processed by the members of the French Artistic Mission.
He remained a professor of Academy of Sculpture until 1884, the year of his death.
D. Pedro II greatly aided Chaves Pinheiro, not only providing resources for the accomplishment of artistic works, but also sending him to Europe in 1867 to observe, as a member of the Brazilian Mission, the Universal Exhibition of Paris. On this occasion, the sculptor was given the task of reporting the situation of the museums of the main European cities.
Félix Émile Taunay
Although he is not really a companion to the artists who were part of the first generation of students, Felix Émile can be considered almost a contemporary. He was director of the Imperial Academy and during his stay in the role was created in 1840 the General Exhibitions of Fine Arts, as well as the granting, from 1845, of travel prizes abroad. Felix Taunay, born in 1795, was French, son of Nicolas Taunay,
French Artistic Mission: collection of the National Museum of Fine Arts
Museu Oscar Niemeyer - Curtiba / PR
April 17 - July 29, 2007
Pinacoteca of the State of São Paulo / SP
August 19 - September 23, 2007
Pedro Martins Caldas Xexéo
Laura Maria Neves de Abreu