The National Monument (locally known as Monas) is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Jakarta, a 132 m tower topped by a 14.5 ton, gold plated bronze flame, situated at the heart of Merdeka Square. It was built to commemorate the struggle for Indonesian independence, and a good place to get a grasp of Indonesian history. Its construction was equally historic, spanning two presidents and surviving a coup.
Silaban revised his design, but it was for a monument so large that it would have been too expensive given the economic conditions at the time. Silaban refused to design a smaller monument, suggesting that construction be delayed until the Indonesian economy improved. Sukarno then asked the architect R.M. Soedarsono to continue with the design. Soedarsono incorporated the numbers 17, 8 and 45 (representing the 17 August 1945 Declaration of Indonesian Independence) in the dimensions of the monument.