Dating back to over 2400 years ago
This piece is a great example of the technique that is more advanced than the simple one-piece technique adopted in the Shang and the Zhou dynasty.This chain is places next to the tomb owner’s skull. It was probably an adornment on his hat. The chain consists of 16 pieces. Among them there are five pair of jade rings. Each pair of rings were carved out of a piece of jade.
The five pair were connected by three operable rings and one jade dowel.
Bi was a ritual vessel used when offering sacrifice to the heaven. Jade Bi was first used 6000 year ago and in the Shang and the West Zhou Dynasty it became a symbol of status and there were strict rules about the usage of Bi. This Bi was used as adornment, ritual object as well as a symbol of power.
Huang was used to honor gods in the north. Huang was used to honor gods in the north. A theory is that the shape is an imitation of rainbow. The marquis, in his eternal sleep, wears 36 jade Huang, among which there are four pieces like this one on display.
Huang looks like a half of a Bi and a theory is that the shape is an imitation of rainbow. This pair of Huang is connected by three gold wire. This is the only artifact that combines gold and jade in Pre-Qin Period.
Han was a burial object that was put in the dead person’s mouth. Ancient Chinese believed that if people are buried with a piece of jade in their mouth, they would continue to enjoy what they had when they were alive. It is also believe that jade keeps the body from rotting. In the East Zhou Dynasty, jade Han were usually in the shape of animals.
This gold container is among the largest and the heaviest gold objects that were made before the Qin Dynasty. Its lid and edge are decorated with patterns of Panchi (snake-shaped dragons), ropes and thunderclouds. A gold colander was put in the container．Its hollowed-out part is an abstract pattern of two dragons playing with one ball.
These gold spring were found twined on 2 of the spindle-shaped wood pieces that were placed on 2 lacquered gasket on a wood table in the east tomb chamber. On the 2 wood pieces there are in total 462 springs, each is 2 centimeters long and weighs 1.4 grams. The diameter of one gold wire is merely 0.5 centimeters and all the springs are quite soft. The function of these springs remains unknown.
On the surface of the beads painted patterns that look like eyes of dragonflies. Every “eye” is a group of concentric circles. They are mostly painted in orange, brown and blue. Dragonflies were believed to have great eye sight and capable of keeping away bad luck.
These beads could be worn separately or be made into a necklace.