Historical development of archaeological containers
This bowl is an example of the so-called Bell-Beaker ceramics, and it displays a printed decoration in the form of superposed horizontal stripes making a zig-zag pattern.
Here is a neolithic vase decorated using incisions and deep impressions with alternating horizontal and wavy lines. It comes from the Cueva de las Ventanas [Cave of Windows], Piñar (Granada).
Here we have what is known as Argaric pottery. It stands out for its very careful finish and the absence of decorative elements.
Apparently this type of container had various functions. Its primary use would be the container of some highly valued product, given the quality of the container, such as wine, perfume, ointments, etc. Its secondary use would be as a container for a person's cremated remains.
DEATH IN THE IBERIAN WORLD.
The Iberians performed the rite of cremation, putting the remains of ashes and washed bones inside ceramic or stone urns. Together with these they left grave goods for the afterlife of the deceased.
Among the grave goods we find decorated Iberian ceramic plates and cups, as well as Greek pottery and bronze objects in the richest tombs. Moreover, in the tombs of men it was common to bury the unused weapons of the deceased, such as a soliferrum or falcata, and in the tombs of women, loom weights and jewelry.
Oval-shaped cinerary urn featuring a narrow base with an everted rim.
These small glass containers were used to contain perfumes or essences; they were therefore a luxury item in these societies.
In Roman times, these containers were associated with the trade and transport of items such as wine, oil, and salted fish. This particular item is an oil amphora.
The vase known as Redoma de las Liebres [Hare Flask], is part of the Caliphate pottery from Medina Elvira (Atarfe).
It is decorated with four hares carrying sprigs in their mouths and some friezes painted black and green on a white background.
Finally, we have a spherical bowl-shaped cup with curved walls and a protruding edge. It is decorated with geometric and floral motifs drawn in blue. The background is tin-white and retains traces of gold.
Tell me what I hold and I'll tell you what I am
Museo Arqueológico de Granada
Consejería de Cultura de la Junta de Andalucía
Curated by: Museo Arqueológico de Granada y Servicio de Innovación Cultural.
Textoss: Museo Arqueológico de Granada, Recopilación. Exposición "Tesoros de Granada". 2012, Servicio de Innovación Cultural y MUSARAÑA. Gestión Integral de Museos. s.l.
Photography: Javier Algarra, Vicente del Amo Hernández, Rafael Gómez Benito y Archivo Dirección General de Bienes Culturales y Museos.
Digital Edition: Servicio de Innovación Cultural.