A stone lantern called Jangmyeongdeung was placed to light up a graveyard. Apart from its practical function, Jangmyeongdeung also had a spiritual function to pray for the eternal life in heaven for the deceased. According to the law of Joseon dynasty(1392-1910), only high-ranking officials were allowed to place it at graveyards.
Double Top Knots
The appearance of child attendants is marked by double top knots, a heavenly robe with a cape, and standing in a polite manner with a symbolic object, such as a flower, fan, or bat in their hand. Child attendants wrapped in a heavenly robe were believed to connect the world of the deceased with that of the mourners.
Hamabi (dismount marker)
Markers such as this one, which commanded “all officials to dismount from their horses” as a show of respect, were placed at the entrance to a palace or the royal ancestral shrine of Joseon Dynasty. Depending on their rank, officials were required to dismount a specific number of paces before the entrance, i.e. senior officials were required to dismount ten steps before it, mid-ranking officials twenty steps, and low-ranking officials thirty steps.
The embroidered wrapping cloths from Gangwon
Provinceare characterized by geometric patterns in vertical and lateral symmetry and unique colors that bring to mind the splendid stripes of five cardinal colors. The outstretching branches and the geometrically expressed leaves are the symbols of vitality full of auspicious energy and of women’s wishes for good fortune and prosperity.
The ten traditional symbols of longevity, in addition to peony, lotus, and fruit patterns were often embroidered on pillows as a wish for long life, happiness, good health, and peace. It is believed that they warded off negative energies and embodied the hopes of receiving blessed dreams.