A robe volante, derived from negligee, which was worn during the latter years of the reign of Louis XIV (1638–1715), enjoyed popularity as formal wear in the early 18th century. The large flounce flowed from the shoulders to the ground and was shaped to spread softly over the skirt, characterized this style of gown.
A gown made from a stunning textile featuring multi-colored bouquets and fur patterns elaborately interwoven into the ground textile cannelé. This textile with its complex weave pattern also features a variety of different threads including chenille, silk floss and twisted yarn for motifs. It shows of the outstanding skills made in Lyons, famed in the height of quality and design.
Lace, created with the most delicate handwork techniques, was significant in enriching wardrobes luxury decoration. The quilles that trimmed at the front opening of the robe from the neck to the hem, the lappets on the headdress, and the engageantes on the cuffs, all of which are lace, give the gown an even more luxurious look.
In accordance with the English custom of walks in the countryside and relaxing in the open air, it became popular to dress up in clothes derived from the work clothes and townwear of ordinary people, who, by their nature, put great importance on freedom of movement. One of these so inspired style is the retroussée dans les poches, as seen here. The gown's hem is pulled out from slits in either side, and draped on the back.