Official correspondence from the Spanish-Mexican Records of the Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe
José María Martínez was born in Topago, Sonora, Mexico c. 1755. He served in the military at Monterey and San Francisco before settling in San José in 1794. José María Estudillo was born in Spain in 1772 and came to America in 1787. He served at Loreto from 1796 to 1806, when he was transferred to Monterey.
Antonio Buelna was born around 1754 in Sinaloa, Mexico. He joined the military and arrived in California before 1780. He served in the Soledad mission guard and was granted Rancho Cañada de Huerta near Monterey, then settled in San José in the late 1790s and served as a teacher in both Monterey and San José. He died in 1821.
Luis Peralta was born about 1760 in Tubac, Sonora, Mexico. He accompanied his parents to Alta California on the Anza expedition in 1776, and was part of the original colonists in San José in 1777. He enlisted in the military in 1782, served as comisionado of San José from 1807 to 1822, and retired from the military in 1826. He died in 1851.
Joaquín Buelna was a son of Antonio Buelna and María Ana Antonia Tapia. He was a teacher in San José in 1821. He was granted Rancho Sayante in 1833. The comandante at the San Francisco presidio was Luis Antonio Arguello, born in San Francisco in 1784. He was selected as the first governor of Mexican California in 1822, and held the post until 1825. He died in 1830.
Calaveras (Skulls) Peak is located a bit to the north and east of present day Milpitas, now known as Monument Peak. Pedro Amador was born around 1739 in Cocula, Jalisco, Mexico. He enlisted in the military and participated in the expedition to Alta California in 1769. He retired to San José, where he died in 1824.
The monetary unit of Spanish America was the peso. Eight reales equaled one peso; 96 granos of silver equaled one peso. In the first half of the 19th century, a peso was roughly equivalent to one U.S. dollar. Units of weight revolved around the Spanish libra (pound) and the arroba (25 libras). Abbreviations: al=almad (1/2 fanega, a fanega is equivalent to 1.6 bushels); q=quintal (100 libras or 25 arrobas); r=arroba (25 libras).
Transcriptions and translations originally published as "Research Manuscript No. 9, Research Manuscript Series on the Cultural and Natural History of Santa Clara" (Santa Clara University, 1998), by Diane Lambert, Naomi Reinhart, Ludivina Russell, Gregory Von Herzen with the assistance of Rose Marie Beebe and Robert M. Senkewicz.
Online exhibit created by Catherine Mills, Curator of Research Library & Archives, History San José