The Canadian Corps in August 1917
Hill 70 was the first battle for the new Canadian Corps Commander, Lieutenant-General Arthur Currie, and tough test for the Corps after their victory at Vimy. The strategy used a three-stage advance, with very little time between each phase.
Pictured: Trench Map Lens-Vimy-Avion, 1917. Gnr Jerred Mansfield fonds, Collections CCGW/CCGG.
Currie sent the 3rd and 4th Divisions into the city on 21 August, where they were halted in the maze of fortified houses and cellars. In an uncharacteristic decision, Currie decided to pivot to the Green Crassier on the outskirts of the city, sending in only one battalion – the 44th. The attack was called off on 25 August.
[Image] Dept. of National Defence/Library and Archives Canada/PA-001820
Design A. Chan
Image of Agar Adamson courtesy Library and Archives Canada. Original caption: Col. Adamson and Lieut.-Col. Stewart, P.P.C.L.I. Battle of Passchendaele. November, 1917.Dept. of National Defence/Library and Archives Canada/PA-002095
Map for Harassing Fire courtesy Library and Archives Canada and the Canadian War Museum. Original citation: Artillery map for the Lens area, correct to 11 May 1917. Canada. Dept. of National Defence, 1st Field Survey Company, Royal Engineers. Canadian War Museum