The Quixote and it's representations

Agencia EFE

Don Quixote has inspired almost endless representations from virtually publication. The iconography of the work of Cervantes is part of the popular imagination. There are numerous references in drawings and paintings as well as countless theatrical, radio and film adaptations.

The Quixote and it’s representations.
The “Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha” is translated to almost all languages and has been published worldwide. It has also been adapted if multiple and different formats on many occasions, from films to comics, from TV series to theatre or radio. Its validity and temporal-less nature invite it’s continuous reading and representation. The experiences and adventures of knight Don Quijote and his squire Sancho Panza, the main characters of The Quixote, are, preliminary, a parody of the knights errant and their squires and yet exalt the fidelity to honor and the fight for the weak. In it’s background there is realism and fantasy, meditation and reflecting, madness and reality. To sum up, life itself. Modernity of The Quixote is beyond doubt, due to it’s contents and form as well as it’s recurrence. It’s editions are constant and so it’s adaptations as can be seen in the next collection.

Madrid, 3-28-1939.- Monument to Cervantes in Plaza de España: Don Quixote and Sancho with national flags with which the neighborhood adorned them in the first moments of the entry of Franco’s troops.

Madrid, 1953.- The circus comes to town, in the photograph some actors dressed as Don Quixote and Sancho walking by the Paseo del Prado

ESTORIL (PORTUGAL), 02/20/1960.- A Spanish float representing the character Don Quixote of La Mancha, takes part in the carnival parade of Estoril.

PEÑARANDA DE DUERO (BURGOS), 09/11/1972.- Mexican actor Mario Moreno “Cantinflas” (c) dressed as Sancho Panza, signs an autograph to a young admirer during the first day of filming of the movie “Don Quixote Rides Again” of director Roberto Gavaldón, that has taken place in the palace of the Conde de Miranda, in the Burgos town of Peñaranda de Duero

PEÑARANDA DE DUERO (BURGOS) 09/11/1972.- Actor Fernando Fernán Gómez during a break in the filming of the movie “Don Quixote Rides Again” a Mexican-Spanish coproduction directed by Roberto Gavaldón whose filming began today in the Burgos town of Peñaranda de Duero. The Spanish artist, who plays Don Quixote, shares the prominence with actors Mario Moreno “Cantinflas” and María Fernanda D’Ocon who play Sancho Panza and Dulcinea respectively.

MADRID 03/08/1973.- World premiere in the Madrid theatre Capitol of the film “Don Quixote Rides Again” Mexican Spanish coproduction, starring Mario Moreno “Cantinflas”, Fernando Fernán Gómez and María Fernanda D’Ocon.

Valdemorillo (Madrid) 5-28-1990.- Filmmaker Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón films for TVE the +Quixote+ about some scripts signed by Camilo J. Cela. The series, produced by Emiliano Piedra, will have a first part of six episodes and a second one of seven or eight that will direct Mario Camus. In the picture, Gutiérrez Aragón with actor Alfredo Landa playing Sancho and Fernando Rey as Quixote.

SEVILLE, 1-10-2001.- Actors Juan Luis Galiardo and Emma Suárez during the filming of today of the film “Don Quixote, Knight Errant” in the Reales Alcazares of Seville

MADRID 12/03/03.- A scene of the play of “The Quixote” during the closure of the “European Year for Disabled People”, in an act that took place the International Day of the Disabled.

LIMA (PERU), 01/22/05.- Municipal Ballet of the city of Lima (Peru), presented today, Saturday 22nd of January in the Segura Theatre, the play “Don Quijote”, as a part of the celebration for the 4th centenary of the work The Quixote of Cervantes.

Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Las Palmas) 01/30/05.- Overture of the gala to choose the Queen of Carnival of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 2005, that is dedicated this year to the figure of The Quixote.

TOLEDO, 02/04/05.- The National Prague Black Theatre performs for the first time in the Rojas Theatre in Toledo the staging “Impressions of Don Quixote 1605-2005”, where for the first time the company add to their plays the use of words. In the picture, some of the actors during the dress rehearsal.

Valencia 03/03/05.- A model wears a design of Carlos Haro inspired by The Quixote in the tenth edition of the Carmen Catwalk, that has started today in Valencia

Zaragoza. 04/23/05.- Theatre group Els Comediants has played today in the Paseo de la Independencia in Zaragoza, the staging named “The new jousts of Don Quixote. The first Quixotesque tourney of the digital era”, for thousands of assistants on occasion of the San Jorge day, patron of Aragón.

Granada, 05.25.05.- A cabezudo of Don Quixote during the parade of the “Tarasca”, where a mannequin dressed following this season’s fashion riding a dragon accompanied by giants and big heads, announces by the streets of the center of Granada the beginning of the important days of the festivity of the Corpus Christi 2005.

CITY OF MEXICO (MEXICO).- A giant Quixote of ten meters high, made by the artisans of the city Nezahualcoyotl, in the state of Mexico, has been installed in fron of the National Palace of the Mexican Capital, to show it to children going to school who visit this old building seat of the old Mexican presidents .

Madrid 08/25/05 A man dressed as the Quixote takes part in an attempt to beat the record Guinness of people reaing the Quixote simultaneously that is organized by groups of friends of the Madrid town of Alcalá de Henares on occasion of the patron festivities.

HAVANA (CUBA), 09/25/05.- The Cuban theatre group “El Mirón Cubano” presents a play “Of the weird and anachronist adventure of Don Quixote in an island of the Caribbean and other events…” in a park of Havana during the closure ceremony of the XII Theatre Fest in Havana(Cuba) celebrated today, Sunday 25th of September.

Bilbao, 11/16/2005.- The ingenious gentlemen Don Quixote of La Mancha talking to a passenger of a cercanías train of RENFE. Don Quixote and his faithful squire Sancho Panza have opted in Bilbao to let their rides rest and ride a Renfe Cercanias Train instead to tell their tale to the travelers of the lines that join the capital from Biscay to Santurtzi, Muskiz and Orduña. From past Monday 14th of November until next Friday the 25th, the two most famous characters of Spanish literature will liven up mornings for the users of Renfe, an initiative that will commemorate the IV centenary of the publishing of the notable work of Miguel de Cervantes.

Almagro 11/21/05.- Today opened in the Corral de Comedias of Almagro the I International Congress of Young Readers of the Quixote, where students from high school of several autonomies and six countries among them Argentina, Morocco, Bulgaria and Luxemburg. In the image, an actor playing Quixote during the opening act in the Corral de Comedias of Almagro.

Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), 12/03/2005.- The theatre group “Els Comediants” represent the show ‘The Praise of Folly’ by the streets of the old quarter of Alcalá de Henares to commemorate the seventh anniversary of the title of the title of World Heritage Site given by the Unesco to this town hall in 1998, and the end of the Quixote year.

Madrid 12/20/2005 .- Play of the child show “Clown Quixote of La Mancha”, directed by Olga Margalloand that will play Uroc Theater company in the Spanish Theatre from 23 of December

Madrid, 04.23.06.- A Hindu woman , during the closure act of the X Continuous Lecture of the Quixote of the Fine Arts Circle, in Madrid, 48 hours after that the voice of the last Cervantes Prize, Mexican Sergio Pitol, began the tale of the adventures of the ingenious gentleman at six o’clock last Friday afternoon.

SUCHITOTO (EL SALVADOR), 07/02/06.- The figure of “Don Quixote of La Mancha” of the sculptor from El Salvador Alfredo Farfán, built with different parts of cars is displayed today, Sunday 2nd of July, in the central square of the city of Suchitoto, 43 kilometers north from the capital, to commemorate the 148 years of the founding of the city.

Madrid 01.31.07.- Two actors dressed as the Quixote and his faithful squire Sancho Panza promote the Literary Touristic Routes of Castile La Mancha, in the International Tourism Fair FITUR 2007, that has started today, in Madrid, by the King and Queen of Spain.

EL CAIRO (EGYPT) 04/23/08 Moment of the play of Ali al-Zibaq, performed by the members of the Wamba Egyptian group, that are trying to recover and spread this old Egyptian art. The El Cairo Cervantes Institute has celebrated today the International Book Day with a traditional Egyptian theatre of shadows and puppets to bring together both shores of the Mediterranean with an art that Miguel de Cervantes already depicted in “The Quixote”.

PERALDA (GIRONA) 08/14/08 Moment of the musical “Don Quixote against the Blue Angel” written and directed by Jérôme Savary, that has been played this night within the program of the XXII edition of the Peralda Fest.

RIO DE JANEIRO (BRASIL), 02/14/2010 Members of the samba school União da Ilha do Governador represent their play of Don Quixote today, Sunday 14 of February 2010, in the first of parades of the samba schools of the special group in the sambadrome Marqués de Sapucaí of Río de Janeiro (Brasil).

CIUDAD REAL, 07/22/2011.- Members of the Chinese National Theatre Company, during the play of “The Quijote”, within the International Classic Theatre Fest in Almagro.

ALMAGRO (CIUDAD REAL), 07/03/2012.- Actor José Sacristán, playing Don Quixote’s role and Fernando Soto (r) playing Sancho’s, during the play of “I am Don Quixote de la Mancha”, of the Metropolis Theatre Company of Madrid, the play will start the 35th International Classic Theatre Fest next Thursday, 5th of July, in the Ancient Renaissance Universtity in the town from Castile La Mancha

LIMA (PERU) 11/12/2013.- Two inmates of the Miguel Castro Castro prison dressed as the Quixote(l) and Sancho Panza (2nd-l) play pieces of the Spanish novel “The ingenious gentleman Don Quixote de la Mancha” today, Tuesday 12th of November 2013, in Lima (Peru). The play is part of a campaign of the Penitentiary National Institute (INPE) to encourage reading among the inmates, in the beginning of the campaign named “The book as an extension of imagination”. “What we want is to encourage reading among the inmates and for society to take part and donate (books)” told Efe the chief of INPE, José Luis Pérez Guadalupe.

MADRID 06/20/2015.- A girl in front of posters of movies of El Quixote during the open to the public day of the Cervantes Institute in Madrid, with which the institution celebrates “E Day” to celebrate every year the strength of the Spanish language.

ALMAGRO (CIUDAD REAL) 07/20/2015 An instant of the play of “Don Quixote” by the German company Theater des Lachens that will play in the International Classic Theatre Fest of Almagro. EFE

MADRID 09/29/2015.- An instant of the play “Don Quixote”, the show that the National Ballet of Cuba, directed by Alicia Alonso, will play from the 30th of September to the 4th of October in the Madrid Canal Theatres.

RIO DE JANEIRO, 02/08/2016 .- Samba school Mocidade Independente de Padre Miguel during the first day of the parades of the samba schools of the special group, in the samba catwalk of today, Monday 8th of February 2016, in the sambadrome of Rio de Janeiro. Early morning this Monday was marked by the presence of the ingenious knight Don Quixote and was honored by the ‘escola de samba’ Mocidade that found in his woeful countenance an inspiration for a “crazy and passionate” parade, like the lyrics of the samba that thousands of participants sang at once

Agencia EFE
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Agencia EFE S.A.U.
Coordinator: Luis de León González

They have participated: José Antonio González, Paloma Puente, Juan Manuel Ruiz y Carmen Tello.
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