Discover one of the world's best collections of Catalan Romanesque art (12th and 13th centuries)

The Descent from the Cross from Erill la Vall, Master of Erill, 1100/1150, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Romanesque
The MEV’s collection of Romanesque Art is among the most important ones in the world. There are a dozen painted panels, which include the exceptional Ribes Baldachin, the front of the altar from Espinelves and the altar set from Santa Maria de Lluçà. The Osormort, El Brull and La Seu d’Urgell mural paintings are presented in areas that reproduce the architecture of the original apses. The sculpture includes a large series of carvings of the Virgin with her Son, as well as some of the most outstanding examples of Christ in Majesty from the 12th century. Particularly worthy of a mention are the set of five figures of the Descent from the Cross from Erill la Vall, which are unique in Europe.
Doorway of the church of Sant Vicenç in Malla, Vic-Ripoll workshop, 1150/1200, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Doorways
The Romanesque portals were the entrance door to enter the churches and were usually decorated with biblical themes. The capitals are the upper part of the columns or pilasters, often decorated with sculptures.
Doorway of the church of Sant Vicenç in Malla, Vic-Ripoll workshop, 1150/1200, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Capital with winged animals facing each other, Vic-Ripoll workshop, 1150/1200, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Reliefs from the Cathedral of Vic, Vic-Ripoll workshop, 1150/1200, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Mural paintings from the apse of Sant Martí in El Brull, Vic workshops, 1125/1150, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Inside the church
Altars were the most important places in Christian churches, and were therefore entirely decorated with mural paintings, fabrics, altar frontals, baldachins....

Romanesque room

Mural paintings from the apse of Sant Sadurní in Osormort, Vic workshops, Mestre d'Osormort, 1125/1150, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Mural paintings from the apse of Sant Martí in El Brull, Vic workshops, 1125/1150, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Altar frontal from La Mare de Déu in El Coll, Vic workshops, 1175/1200, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Altar frontals
Altar frontals painted in tempera are rectangular panels covering the front part of the altar, sometimes they also had side pieces that covered the lateral parts of the altar.
Altar frontal from Sant Martí in Puigbò, Vic workshops, 1100/1125, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Altar frontal from Sant Andreu in Sagàs, La Seu d'Urgell workshops, Second quarter of the 12th century, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Altar frontal from La Mare de Déu in El Coll, Vic workshops, 1175/1200, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Altar frontal from Santa Margarida in Vilaseca, Vic workshops, 1175/1200, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Altar from Santa Maria in Lluçà, Master of Lluçà; Vic workshops, 1225/1250, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Altar frontal called the “Witches' Cloth”, Unknown, 1100/1150, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Baldachin from Ribes, La Seu d'Urgell workshops, 1125/1150, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Baldachins
Baldachins were originally placed in the church apse. They could be with columns or a canopy-panel, this one was like a ceiling hanging over the altar and supported by beams. Their liturgical function was that of protecting and highlighting the altar.
Baldachin from Ribes, La Seu d'Urgell workshops, 1125/1150, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
The Descent from the Cross from Erill la Vall, Master of Erill, 1100/1150, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
The descent
It seems that the descents were located in a beam over the altar.
The Descent from the Cross from Erill la Vall, Master of Erill, 1100/1150, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Virgin from Santa Maria in Matamala, Vic workshops, 1175/1200, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Virgins
The oldest Romanesque virgins are represented following the bizenthine tradition and were known as Maiestas Mariae or Sedes Sapientiae. Following this iconographic model, the figure of the Virgin is portrayed as the throne of the Child Jesus.
Virgin from La Rodona in Vic, Vic workshops, 1175/1200, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Virgin from Santa Maria in Matamala, Vic workshops, 1175/1200, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Virgin from Santa Maria in Veciana, Unknown, 1225/1275, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Christ in Majesty from Santa Maria in Lluçà, Vic workshops, 1150/1200, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Christ in Majesty
Christ in Majesty became popular in Catalonia in the second half of the 12th century, representing the symbol of Jesus Christ triumphant over death.
Christ in Majesty from Santa Maria in Lluçà, Vic workshops, 1150/1200, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Christ in Majesty from Sant Boi in Lluçanès, Vic workshops, 1150/1200, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Censer, Limoges workshops, 1200/1300, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Liturgical objects
The museum preserves many liturgical objects from Romanesque churches, such as censers for burning the incense in certain religious celebrations, candlesticks to illuminate the altar, crosses or decorative appliques.
Plate from an evangeliaria cover with a crucifix, Limoges workshops, 1200/1300, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Censer, Unknown, 1200/1300, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Altar candlestick, Unknown, 1375/1425, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Brazier, Unknown, 1300/1400, From the collection of: Museu Episcopal de Vic
Credits: Story

Museu Episcopal de Vic

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The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not represent the views of the institutions whose collections include the featured works or of Google Arts & Culture.
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