England's historic sites are hotbeds of invention and creativity that shaped both our nation and the world beyond. This exhibit illustrates just a handful of amazing places linked to scientific innovation and discovery.
As the operations at Bletchley expanded, additional facilities were built in the grounds. Firstly wooden huts were constructed, followed later by more permanent blocks of brick, steel and concrete.
It has been estimated that the work undertaken at Bletchley shortened the war by two to four years. Codebreaking at Bletchley came to an end in 1946.
Jenner was intrigued by local lore that claimed those who contracted cowpox could not catch smallpox.
In 1796 Jenner tested this theory on his gardener's eight-year-old son, deliberately infecting the boy with cowpox and later exposing him to smallpox. This and subsequent tests confirmed his immunity to the disease.
The Jenner Hut is also known as the 'Temple of Vaccinia'.
Built in the early 17th century as a farmhouse, Woolsthorpe Manor House was the birthplace of Sir Isaac Newton, on Christmas Day 1642.
An outbreak of plague in 1665 forced Newton to return here from Cambridge University, and it was at Woolsthorpe that much of his theoretical and experimental work was conducted.
The plaque above the doorway bears Newton's arms.
Somerville's first accommodation was a large house, Walton House, built in c1826. This was soon extended and further buildings added to the site.
Pictured here is the College Library. It was built in 1903 to designs by architect Basil Champneys (1842-1935). Champneys is celebrated for several library and college buildings in Oxford, Cambridge and Manchester.
Irreplaceable: A History of England in 100 Places
We think everybody should know about the places in England that have witnessed some of the most important historic events.
Image: Charles Darwin, Down House, Downe, Bromley, Greater London
This portrait of Charles Darwin shows him at his home, Down House, in circa 1880.