2100 BC - 1600

The Hans Feriz collection

Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen

an archaeological collection at the Tropenmuseum
Tripod vessel, pottery, 1000/1550, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen

Much of the Tropenmuseum’s pre-Columbian collection was brought together by one man whose career was truly remarkable. Dr. Hans Feriz collected a vast number of artefacts from an area ranging roughly from Alaska to Brazil, and dating from between 3000 BC to the 15th century.

Born in Vienna, in 1895, Hans Feriz studied medicine in Vienna, Göttingen, Cologne and Munich, before migrating to the Netherlands after the First World War. In 1923, Feriz was appointed assistant to Prof. Otto Lanz, a famous surgeon who was also a well-known art collector. After Lanz’s death in 1935, Feriz continued to teach pathological anatomy privately at the University of Amsterdam for another five years. Meanwhile, Feriz founded his own surgical practice in Amsterdam, on which he focused exclusively after leaving the university in 1940.

Dr. Hans Feriz during archeological excavations at Parita, Photographer unknown, 1958/1958, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen

Occasionally, Feriz also worked as a ship’s doctor. It was on a voyage to New York in 1931 that he visited the Museum of Natural History and became interested in objects from Central and South America.

It was not until 1947 that Feriz first saw Lima, Peru. When he visited the museum he was captivated by the magic of pre-Columbian culture. Even more so, after he had discovered and excavated Moche culture pottery on land owned by an acquaintance in Peru. He was later to find more pottery and even fabrics from Paracas and Nazca cultures.

Jar representing a warrior, pottery, 300/600, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen
Jar with an image of the puma god, terracotta, 100/300, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen
Dr. Hans Feriz and others posing with rock drawings, Photographer unknown, 1960/1960, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen

In subsequent years, Feriz visited Bolivia, Ecuador and Colombia where he continued excavating as an amateur archaeologist. Feriz went on digs in Panama and Costa Rica and helped significantly in expanding the limited archaeological record of these areas. Together with K. Curtis and E. Tatelman, he found traces of what was still a relatively unknown culture from the period of 300 BC- 300 AD. They named the culture Tabasará, after the region. Feriz lectured on the topic in the 1950s and wrote a number of articles and a book.

Bowl, pottery, 700/1100, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen
Cormorant, pottery, 300/600, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen
Cylindrical seal, 1000/1500, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen

Hans Feriz was introduced to staff at Amsterdam’s Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) in 1950. His knowledge and experience led five years later to an honorary appointment as a specialist in American Archaeology to KIT’s department of Cultural and Physical Anthropology. After each trip, Feriz donated various objects he had found to the Tropenmuseum, then still part of the institute.

Dr. Hans Feriz speaks at the opening of the exhibition 'Central America's unknown treasures' in the Tropenmuseum, Photographer unknown, 1956/1956, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen
Exhibition poster 'Centraal Amerika's onbekende schatten' (Central America's unknown treasures) at the Tropenmuseum, 1956, 1956/1956, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen

In 1969, Hans Feriz donated a collection of around 1,440 pre-Columbian artworks and artefacts to the Tropenmuseum. This almost doubled the number of items he had already donated or sold to the museum in previous years. The collection includes pottery, textiles, tools, beads and other objects. Feriz died in Montreux on 31 August 1970.

Exhibition poster 'Met schop en schuier' (with shovel and brush) at the Tropenmuseum, 1971, 1971/1971, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen
Tripod vessel, terracotta, 500/1000, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen
'Met schop en schuier', an exhibition at the Tropenmuseum presenting archeological objects found by Hans Feriz, Photographer unknown, 1971/1971, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen
Dish, pottery, 750/1000, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen
Jar representing a puma, pottery, 1200/1450, From the collection of: Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen
Credits: Story

Compilation and text — Richard van Alphen, Herman van Gessel
English translation — Sam Herman
sources — Manning, Roswitha: Hans Feriz: biografie, collectie en puclicaties. Amsterdam, 1983  -  Met schop en schuier: archeologische vondsten uit Latijns-Amerika van Hans Feriz. Tropenmuseum, Amsterdam 1971.
More — See the most important objects from Feriz's gift on http://collectie.tropenmuseum.nl/default.aspx?idx=ALL&field=*&search=feriz&lang=en

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not represent the views of the institutions whose collections include the featured works or of Google Arts & Culture.
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