Stays made of iron, seventeenth century.
One of the rarest items in York Castle Museum's costume and textiles collection, this set of iron stays dates from the seventeenth century.
Stays are an early form of corset, worn in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries usually made of linen or leather, and stiffened with reeds or whalebone.
Iron stays were made by blacksmiths and armourers for a small number of wealthy women who wore them to help with posture or figure problems. They helped create a fashionable aristocratic body shape.
The stays began life as a flat sheet of iron. The holes were punched into the iron to make it lighter and provide ventilation.
They were beaten into shape; the uneven surface produced by the hammer strokes can still be seen.
The overall shape of the iron stays is the same as fabric stays of the period.
Iron stays were worn over a padded or leather undergarment. Like all corsetry, they were never worn directly next to the skin.
The stays have an internal circumference of 55cm (21.5 inches) and an internal chest circumference of 64cm (25.25 inches). They were probably made for a girl in her late teens.
Hinges at the sides are very similar to the hinges used in suits of armour. We believe these stays were made by an armourer.
Alterations can be seen. The band around the bust was added, probably for reinforcement.
This length of metal at the front was also for reinforcement. This made the stays stronger.
The back has been damaged in two places, a break on the left and a split on the right.
The split has been repaired with a metal plate on the inside.
Stays like these are very rare. Not many were made, and fewer have survived.
Iron StaysYork Castle Museum
Object from York Castle Museums Costume & Textile Collection
Collections photographyRobert Wake, M Faye Prior, Martin Fell
TextM Faye Prior, Alison Bodley