Explore the home of James A. Garfield. Garfield was elected as the United States' 20th President in 1881, after nine terms in the U.S. House of Representatives. His Presidency was impactful, but cut short after 200 days when he was assassinated. As the last of the log cabin Presidents, James A. Garfield attacked political corruption and won back for the Presidency a measure of prestige it had lost during the Reconstruction period. Garfield lived here from 1876 until early 1881. His widow, Lucretia, owned this home and property until her death in 1918. The site visitors see today is more reflective of her many years here after the President's death than the few years he lived here before becoming the nation's 20th President.
The parlor was the equivalent of the modern family room. This was the room in which the family often gathered in the evenings to chat, read, play music, and spend time together. During the 1880 presidential campaign, Garfield hosted former President U.S. Grant in this room, as well as the famed Jubilee Singers of Fisk University.
This is the downstairs "summer bedroom," where James and Lucretia Garfield slept in the warmer months of the year when it was a bit cooler downstairs. After the President's death, Mrs. Garfield used this room for various things-including as a smoking parlor for guests-but did not use it as a bedroom.
This is the entry hall, the first stop on a guided tour of the Garfield home both today and during the 1880 presidential campaign. When thousands of well-wishers and citizens descended on the Garfield property during the campaign, Mrs. Garfield often stationed herself in this hallway to keep an eye on the front door.
When Lucretia Garfield built a Memorial Library for her husband's books and other items in 1885-86, she included this vault (or "memory room," as she called it) in her plans. In here she stored James Garfield's papers, letters, and diaries, making the library into something of an archive of her husband's life and career.
Of the five surviving Garfield children, Mollie was the only girl. This was her bedroom and is a relatively stylish, trendy room for a teenage girl in the late nineteenth century. Mollie was particularly close with her father and was just 14 years old when he died. She later married Joseph Stanley-Brown, who had served as President Garfield's private secretary.
Text adapted from https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/jamesgarfield