This exhibition hall demonstrates the cultural heritage and history of Azerbaijan.One of the most important features of the exhibition is that it describes all the periods of the history of Azerbaijan and displays items related to different areas of Azerbaijani culture. For instance, you can see unique samples of ancient crafts, in particular the Azerbaijani carpet weaving school.
During the archaeological research at the Azykh Cave, the jaw bone of an ancient human(Azykhantrop) related to the Ashel Period, who had lived in these areas some 350-400 thousand years ago, was found, and as result of this find, Azerbaijan’s territory was introduced on the map of “the most ancient inhabitants of Europe”.
Tar is a plucked stringed musical instrument, with a body carved from mulberry tree, a thin membrane of stretched fish-skin covering the top, decorated with nacre. Length - 90 cm, Width - 20 cm. In 2012, the art of Azerbaijani craftsmanship and performance art of tar was entered on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO.
The Director of Museum Department, Heydar Aliyev Center