Listing 2016

Historic England

16 fascinating places listed by Historic England in 2016

In 2016 Historic England added 1,033 sites to the National Heritage List for England
The National Heritage List for England identifies the buildings, sites and landscapes which receive special protection, so they can be enjoyed by current and future generations.The following 16 buildings, landscapes, monuments and wrecks offer a glimpse of the depth and breadth of England's historic environment given recognition for their special significance in 2016.
Shrewsbury Barrow
Shrewsbury Barrow is a Bronze Age funerary barrow at Shooters Hill, in the London Borough of Greenwich. The survival of this ancient site in the middle of a London suburb is remarkable. Taking its name from nearby Shrewsbury House, built in 1789 for the Earl of Shrewsbury, the Shrewsbury Barrow stands on the high ground of Shooters Hill and is approximately 25m wide and 1.5m high. It is the last remaining of a group of six. Scheduled. List Entry Number: 1430983.
Women's Tower, former prison cells and exercise yard
The Ypres Tower at Rye Castle in East Sussex operated as a prison from the early 16th century. At that time all prisoners, regardless of age and sex, were held together. It took until 1837 for a new women’s prison, exercise yard, and additional range of cells for male prisoners to be built.The Women’s Tower was designed to look like a castle tower yet the anti-climb spikes on the wall top and the solid cell doors and iron grilles to the windows reveal its use. Listed Grade II. List Entry Number: 1433223.
Wreck at Minehead, possibly the 'Bristol Packet'
The timber remains of this wrecked ship on the beach at Madbrain Sands were revealed following the winter storms of 2014/15. Its construction is consistent with practices along the eastern seaboard of North America. These remains could be that of the New England-built 'Bristol Packet', built in 1801 and wrecked at Minehead in 1808. Scheduled. List Entry Number: 1437202.
White Lion public house
The White Lion pub at Westhoughton in Bolton, Greater Manchester dates from the early 19th century. This public house has a remarkably intact 1920s interior. Its refit followed the principles of the 'improved' pubs movement that aimed to reduce drunkenness, including better visibility throughout the interior and the use of modern but homely decoration. Listed Grade II. List Entry Number: 1429216.
Six lamp posts along Montpellier Parade
The six elegant cast iron Victorian lamp posts along Montpellier Parade in Harrogate, North Yorkshire were designed in 1848. Originally gas-powered, they have since been converted to electricity. It is thought they were moved to Montpellier Parade from elsewhere in the town in the 1970s. Listed Grade II. List Entry Number: 1432944.
Clayhall Royal Naval Cemetery Chapel
A new cemetery was laid out in Clayhill in the 1850s after the nearby Royal Naval Hospital grounds had reached capacity. Its chapel of rest, with its Norman-style arch, was built at its centre. The cemetery includes a highly unusual enclosed Turkish burial ground containing the remains of twenty-six Turkish sailors who died from cholera whilst anchored off Gosport in 1850. Listed Grade II. List Entry Number: 1428514.
Leighton family tomb
The Leighton family tomb is in the churchyard of the Church of St Mary, Harrow on the Hill, in the London Borough of Harrow. Decorated with brightly coloured triangular mosaic panels of ‘memento mori’ imagery and carved inscriptions, this granite family tomb was erected in around 1867. It was designed by the book cover designer and illustrator John Leighton. Listed Grade II. List Entry Number: 1433435.
Bathing House and a 50m length of raised sea wall at Norris Castle
Norris Castle at East Cowes on the Isle of Wight, is a Grade I listed house. It sits in a landscaped park and pleasure grounds, possibly designed by one of England's greatest landscape designers, Humphry Repton. One of the new listings on the site is a rare and unusual bathing house, designed as a castellated tower in a similar style to the Castle. Also included in the listing is a section of sea wall that was used as a terrace walk. Listed Grade II. List Entry Numbers: 1438948; 1267468; 1000927.
URS Building, University of Reading
After the Second World War, universities became England's most ambitious architectural patrons. Howell, Killick, Partridge and Amis' building for the Faculty of Urban and Regional Studies at the University of Reading takes inspiration from traditional Japanese construction. It has been dubbed the 'Lego' building due to its distinctive design. Listed Grade II. List Entry Number: 1435127.
St Michael's, Cornhill War Memorial
This First World War memorial at the entrance to the Church of St Michael Cornhill in the City of London commemorates the City employees who worked within this and adjacent parishes. Of the 2,130 who volunteered for military service, at least 170 died. The memorial was designed by the distinguished sculptor Richard Reginald Goulden. Listed Grade II*. List Entry Number: 1439646.
Conscientious Objectors’ Stone, 140m south east of Green Moor farmhouse
This inscribed rock on a natural outcrop in the Lake District National Park is a very rare, possibly unique physical relic of this important aspect of First World War history. It carries a series of carvings made by conscientious objectors who were on the run from the authorities, avoiding conscription. The rock may have been used as a vantage point from which to see and give warning of police searches. Scheduled. List Entry Number: 1439178.
Olde English Tea House in Sunnyhurst Wood
The Olde English Tea House in Sunnyhurst Wood at Darwen, Lancashire is a well-designed structure in a rustic vernacular revival style. A relatively rare example of its type, it survives virtually intact with only minor modifications. The Tea House was constructed in 1911-12 by public subscription to mark the accession and coronation of King George V in 1910. Listed Grade II. List Entry Number: 1426159.
Clapper Bridge carrying Ashfield Road/Wandels Lane across Danby Beck
Built since antiquity, a clapper bridge is a simple bridge where horizontal stone slabs are supported by vertical piers. This example in North Yorkshire is thought to be on the medieval route between Castleton and Howe Mill, a water-powered corn mill which served the settlement, being first documented in 1272. It dates from the late 18th century and is possibly a rebuild of a medieval predecessor. Listed Grade II. List Entry Number: 1433734.
Gunboat Sheds and Workshops
Situated at the Haslar Gunboat Yard at Gosport in Hampshire, this building illustrates the foremost developments in iron framing and prefabricated iron technology. It was built to designs by William Scamp, the Deputy Director of the Admiralty Engineering and Architectural Works, to store and maintain Britain's gunboat fleet in a technologically innovative complex. Listed Grade I. List Entry Number: 1431190.
Historic Park and Garden to Turvey House
The designed landscape associated with Turvey House in Bedfordshire was laid out in the late 18th century for Charles Higgins, who served as the Sheriff of London. Although the house and gardens have not been conclusively attributed to an architect or garden designer, it is believed that the Regency architect John Nash had a hand in the design. Registered Garden. List Entry Number: 1431122.
Water Chute at Wicksteed Park
Built in 1926, the Water Chute at Wicksteed Park in Kettering, Northamptonshire is the oldest in Britain, and one of the oldest surviving water-based rides in the world. It was designed by the entrepreneur and philanthropist Charles Wicksteed who passionately believed in the benefits of recreation. His park is still open free to the public, and his company continues to make playground equipment. Listed Grade II. List Entry Number: 1437706.
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