Introduction
On 30 January 2015, the Russian Military-Historical Society opened a multimedia exhibition in the New Manege, which tells how the insane fanatic Hitler and his clique were overcome in 1945. Fortunately, the Nazis had not yet acquired nuclear weapons, but they were ready to subjugate the entire world to their will, slaughter innocent women and children, and make slaves of the rest of the population.

The display is a collective effort by its authors—People's Artists of Russia Vasily Nesterenko and Salavat Shcherbakov. According to Vasily Nesterenko, the concept of the exposition consists in representing three sides of the tragedy: the Nazi perpetrator, the victim of the Nazis, and the Soviet liberator.

Minister of Culture and Chairman of the Russian Military-Historical Society V. R. Medinsky exhibition is unconventional, as it combines a multimedia component and unique museum exhibits. We would like to remind our fellow countrymen and tell young people about the price the country had to pay for that victory, what would have happened to us if German Nazism had won, and how Europe was liberated.”

The exhibition builds on a contrast between the “glamorous” glitter of the national-socialist ideology and “Nazism in action”: real policies put in place in the occupied regions. This contrast emphasizes the role of the Soviet soldier in the liberation of the world from the “brown plague.”

Remember… Nazism in force
Adolf Hitler: “The Third Reich, which was born on 30 January 1933, will last for a thousand years.” The ideology of National Socialism required that Germans prepare for war and “cleanse the German territory of the foreigners that are soiling it.” Mass mobilization became the hallmark of Hitler's regime, along with the Nazification of culture on a mass scale.

The press and radio, controlled by Goebbels and hijacked for propagandistic purposes, easily mastered the minds of the inhabitants of a totalitarian state. Mass rallies, torchlight processions, military parades—these were all seen as necessary to unite Germans as a nation and make them believe in their own exceptionality and superiority over all nations.

Remember… Mass repressions
Adolf Hitler: “We … are deliberately moving to a policy of conquering new lands in Europe. When we talk about conquering new lands in Europe, we of course mean, first of all, only Russia and those border states that are subordinated to it.” Already at the planning stage, the concept had developed in German of war against the Soviet Union as a “war of extermination.”

Even in the USSR the Wehrmacht managed to find lots of people who were ready to collaborate and dreamed of the collapse of the Soviet system. Collaborationists served in Polizei units, rear services, etc.

The Nazi army brought about devastation. In the occupied regions of the Soviet Union, 427 museums, 44,000 culture clubs and community centers, and 43,000 libraries were ransacked. A total of 1,670 Orthodox churches, 237 Catholic churches, and 532 synagogues were destroyed and damaged.

Collaborationists were especially atrocious. In the picture is evidence of the crime committed by OUN–UPA nationalists. KATARZYNÓWKA, Lutsk District, Lutsk Voivodeship. 7/8 May 1943

The war caused the peaceful population nothing but suffering. Ozarichi concentration camp for the civil population. Belarus, Ozarichi, Domanovichi District, Polesye Region

Nazism meant death not only to Soviet people, but also entire Europe. A dead camp prisoner is lying on a barbed wire fence in Leipzig–Thekla, to the south of the Buchenwald camp, in the vicinity of Weimar, Germany

The Volyn Slaughter of 1943 — the genocide of the Polish population in Volhynia (Volyn) by OUN nationalists — became a special page in the history of crimes associated with the Second World War. In the photo is the headless corpse of the resident of Lipniki colony Jakub Varumzer. A total of 179 Poles were killed in the Lipniki massacre. 26 March 1943

Banderovites used barbed wire to tie the bodies of murdered Polish children to the trees on the way to the village of Lozova, Ternopil District. Above the bodies, the OUN soldiers put the posters “The Path to Independent Ukraine.” 1943

Former female SS guards were made to perform this work by the allied troops. Around the ditch is the British convoy. The former guards are not allowed to wear gloves to increase their chances of catching typhus.

The Nazis failed to achieve their goals of destroying the Soviet Union, but during their occupation of part of its territory they committed countless war crimes atrocities, of a cruelty never before seen in the history of war. These included punitive actions against resistance fighters and ordinary citizens, the infamous Holocaust, the use of forced labor, and the deportation of citizens to work in Germany.

When withdrawing from the occupied Soviet regions, the Wehrmacht conducted scorched earth tactics to destroy and ransack everything that had been created by strenuous effort of many people, including numerous cultural values.

In 1944, there were twenty main concentration camps—“machines of destruction”—not counting the hundreds of branches, ghettos, camps for war prisoners, and other prisons. In total there were 14 thousand places designed for the detention and destruction of people. From 1933 to 1945, a total of 18 million people passed through the German concentration camps, of whom 11 million were killed and tortured (5 million from the USSR).

Remember ... The liberation of the world from the Brown Plague
The first step towards liberation was made in the early days of the Second World War—in the terrible month of June 1941. Soviet soldiers and officers joined the battle against the Germans in seemingly hopeless conditions. But their courageous resistance destroyed the hopes of the Nazi command for a blitzkrieg.

On 28 July 1941, Joseph Stalin issued Order No. 227 famous for its line “Not one step back!” that conveyed the essence of the document. The enemy managed to reach North Caucasus, but the more it advanced, the stronger the resistance of the Red Army grew, and the more losses the Nazis suffered.

The liberation of the entire territory of the Soviet Union cost the Red Army millions of lives — about 1.3 million Soviet soldiers and offices were killed in battles to liberate the territory that is now Ukraine.

The entry of the Allied forces into various European countries was justified by the need to achieve a complete defeat of Nazi Germany.

In carrying out its mission of liberation, the Red Army conducted fourteen strategic offensive operations in foreign countries.

About 7 million soviet soldiers died in battles outside their homeland. They fully or partially liberated eleven European countries.

For the freedom that they brought to the peoples of Europe, the Soviet people paid a heavy price: in fierce battles with the enemy, the Red Army suffered casualties of more than 3.5 million soldiers and officers, with one million deaths.

The Red Army entered the European territories occupied by Germany, and brought them liberation from the Nazi yoke.

Russian Military-Historical Society
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