Guidoriccio, the victorious captain who had conquered the two castles here depicted for the Republic of Siena, merited the tribute of the Sienese and a portrait that undoubtedly has brought him more glory and fame than his military exploits. Simone Martini shows him proud and elegant in his golden yellow tunic, with a matching horsecloth on his mount, equally stately with its parade gait. The image is on the borderline between a realistic, precise representation of a historically documented event and the transfigured celebration of a symbol; it can be also considered one of the earliest civilian portraits of the Middle Ages.


  • Title: Guidoriccio da Fogliano
  • Creator Lifespan: ca. 1285 - 1344
  • Creator Nationality: Italian
  • Creator Gender: male
  • Creator Death Place: Avignon
  • Creator Birth Place: Siena
  • Date Created: 1328
  • painter: Simone Martini
  • collocation: Siena, Civic Museum and Mangia Tower, Province of Siena
  • Place Part Of: Province of Siena
  • Artist Biography: Simone Martini, one of the greatest Sienese artists, started to work by the workshop of Duccio di Buoninsegna between the late thirteenth and early fourteenth century , but his style is definitively influenced also by Giotto and the French Gothic. After working in the Basilica of Saint Francis in Assisi, in 1333 he signed, along with his brother-in-law Lippo Memmi, the triptych of the Annunciation for the Cathedral and now in the Uffizi Gallery. His stay in Avignon by the papal court is recorded by a memory i of his friend, the poet Francesco Petrarca.
  • Type: fresco
  • Rights: Comune di Siena; Fondazione Musei Senesi, Fondazione Musei Senesi
  • External Link: Fondazione Musei Senesi

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