The Castle of Batavia

Beeckman, Andriesca. 1661


Amsterdam, Netherlands

Both free and unfree people populate this market in Batavia, with the fortress of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in the background. At the end of the 17th century, more than half of the city’s inhabitants lived in slavery. Slavery was a centuries-old custom in the Indonesian archipelago, which was taken over, adapted and intensified by the Dutch. Batavia became the central slave market for the region, where both Europeans and Asians traded in human beings.


  • Title: The Castle of Batavia
  • Creator: Beeckman, Andries
  • Date Created: ca. 1661
  • Physical Dimensions: doek
  • Subject Keywords: overzeese geschiedenis, markt, Kasteel Batavia, Kali Besar, Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie
  • Rights: http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/

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