November 6, 1860 was election day.  Over
81% of the nation's eligible voters turned out for the divisive election. 
Depending on the winner, slavery could be stopped in its tracks or could spread
across the entire country; some states could secede and form their own country;
or war could start at any moment.  In Springfield, Illinois, a small town
lawyer went about his business, voted, and waited to see if his, and the
country's, life would change by the time the sun came up on November 7th.

Wall MirrorLincoln Home National Historic Site, National Park Service

November 6, 1860

Shortly before Election Day, Abraham Lincoln received a letter from 11-year-old Grace Bedell of Westfield, New York. She suggested that he grow a beard so he would look more handsome and ladies would then persuade their husbands to vote for him, since women didn't have the right to vote yet. Mr. Lincoln promptly wrote back asking her if people would think it was a "silly affectation" to grow whiskers now. However, he eventually took her suggestion, growing the beard he is most known for and becoming the first U.S. President to have a beard. He also made a point of stopping in Westfield on his way to Washington, DC to meet Grace and show her his whiskers.

New York Tribune, New York Tribune newspaper, From the collection of: Lincoln Home National Historic Site, National Park Service
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From the beginning of the campaign, Abraham Lincoln knew that the Republican candidate had the best chance of winning the election because the Democratic party was splitting apart over slavery. He also knew that most southern states would try to leave the union rather than have a Republican president. Before he was even inaugurated, Lincoln witnessed seven southern states seceding starting with South Carolina in December 1860.

1860 ballot, Sangamon County, From the collection of: Lincoln Home National Historic Site, National Park Service
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Abraham Lincoln waited until midafternoon before voting on November 6, 1860. He walked across the street from the state Capitol to the county courthouse amid a large crowd, picked up a ballot and solemnly cut his own name off before proceeding to vote the straight Republican ticket. He spent some time at home before going to the telegraph office to await returns. Around midnight he found out he had won.

E. Howard Wall Clock, E. Howard & Co., From the collection of: Lincoln Home National Historic Site, National Park Service
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From the day after the election until February 10, 1861, when the Lincolns left for Washington, DC, Mr. Lincoln was besieged with well-wishers, office-seekers, and gift-bearing friends. He received suits of clothing, a gold-topped cane, new hats, and this very large wall clock from his brother-in-law, Clark Smith, a dry goods store owner. The Lincolns returned the clock to Mr. Smith for safe-keeping and their daughter, Minnie Smith Johnson later gave the clock back to be exhibited in the Lincoln Home.

Hall ChairOriginal Source:

Here I have lived

Prior to leaving for Washington, the Lincolns rented out their house, intending to return to Springfield after Mr. Lincoln's presidency. They stored some furniture with neighbors and gave some away. The rest was disposed of in a sale. Newton Bateman had an office just down the hall from Lincoln's law office and stopped by one evening to see if he could obtain a memento of some sort. Mr. Lincoln invited him to the house and invited him to pick whatever he wanted. Mr. Bateman chose an ornately upholstered hall chair and matching hat rack. Mr. Bateman's descendants returned both to the Lincoln Home. The hall chair still maintains it's original upholstery consisting of 31 different patterns of velvet fabric.

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Carte-de-Visite, Original Source:
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One of the hardest things to leave behind when the Lincolns moved to Washington was their beloved dog, Fido. Mr. Lincoln decided the long train trip and life in the Executive Mansion (the name at the time for the White House) would be too difficult for the dog who was used to running around outside. Fido was left with former neighbors, the Rolls, who had sons about the same age as the youngest Lincoln boys, Willie and Tad. Perhaps as consolation, several photographs were taken of Fido for the boys to have as keepsakes.

Carte-de-Visite, Original Source:
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By the time Lincoln was inaugurated on May 4, 1861, seven states had seceded from the Union and the military was making plans for all out warfare. The fate of the country rested in Lincoln's strong hands. Four years and a civil war later, the country was devastated but still united. Lincoln's goal for the country to be "all one thing" had been accomplished.

Credits: Story

Susan M. Haake, Curator
Lincoln Home National Historic Site

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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