The Qianlong Emperor in Ceremonial Armor on Horseback by Giuseppe Castiglione (1688-1766, Chinese name Lang Shining)The Palace Museum
Grand Inspection Helmet with Gold Inlays and Pearl Embellishments
Gold filigree rising dragon crest with large Eastern pearl: Produced exclusively in the ancestral homeland of the Qing Manchu rulers and with a low yield, such pearl became the most valued jewels.
Twenty-four strips of black sable with red gold-foiled satin lining mounted on a crest rod with coiled dragon design
The crest base is functional yet ornamental, decorated with gold filigree cloud and dragon designs.
Forty-four Sanskrit characters: the characters are sacred syllables that make up a form of ritual speech, called dharani, used in recitation and related to the veneration of Avalokiteśvara.
Ear and neck coverings of bright yellow satin embroidered with polychrome floral design.
The armor is made of bright yellow satin, blue plain-weave silk lining, black silk velvet edging and gilt copper studs in a regular pattern.
"Rocks rising above waves" pattern, an auspicious symbol in traditional Chinese design implying that mountains and rivers under one unified rule will last through the ages.
Padded Silk Spaulders
The forearm guards are braided with gold-foiled threads.
Trapezoidal abdominal guard, also known as "front guard".
The long skirt-like cuisses serve to protect the legs and consist of left and right halves. Fastened to the waist with cords, these pieces are fortified at intervals with rows of gilt strips.
Satin grand inspection quiver sheath, paired with a bow sheath worn on the opposite side of the body.
Bright yellow satin boots with cloud designs
Chief Consultant: Yan Yong
Translation by Adam J. Ensign