Casasola’s Revolution

By Gustavo Casasola Collection

The Entrance of the Zapatistas to Mexico City in 1914 by Manuel RamosGustavo Casasola Collection

The Mexican Revolution and the Casasola photographs are intertwined and there is no way of understanding one without the other. This photographic record makes tangible one of the most important social movements of the 20th Century, the Mexican Revolution. Before the upheaval of the war and the creation of Casasola´s Agency, there was a young reporter, Agustín Victor who loved to write and take pictures. One day, he borrowed a camera and began to mix his two passions, becoming one of the most celebrated press photographers in Mexico City. At the outbreak of war, he had a camera in his hands, ready to capture the multitude of testimonies and experiences. After the war of independence, the revolution was one of the most important social struggles in Mexico and this struggle is shown in full force in each of the images of the Archivo Casasola. Today we piece together the war and this archive, which is one of the most representatives of the Mexican Revolution

Palacio Legislativo en construcciónGustavo Casasola Collection

Mexico’s President, the General Porfirio Díaz, commissioned monuments and buildings to be erected to celebrate the centenary of the independence (1910) and to this day, they are the most beautiful and emblematic of Mexico City.

Parade of 16th of September 1910Gustavo Casasola Collection

Pre-revolutionary Mexico was defined by the prolonged presidency of Porfirio Díaz, who besides developing the industry in the country, the railway and port systems, he nurtured a political system that alienated the population.

Carmen SerdanGustavo Casasola Collection

Carmen Serdán is one of the icons of the Mexican Revolution, she belonged to the democratic movement and was against re elections.

Madero with a group of teachers who are sympathizers of the Anti Re-Election ClubGustavo Casasola Collection

Francisco I. Madero was the leader of the Revolution and while visiting the state of Guerrero, he was received by a group of teachers who belonged to the Anti Re-Election Club.

An Adelita by Gerónimo HernandezGustavo Casasola Collection

During the Revolution, armies moved around using the railway system, and in these journeys, a train car was designated to the women who were known as “Las Soldaderas,” who supported the combatants during the struggle at the time. This photograph was taken by Jerónimo Hernández in 1910.

Soldiers and 'Adelitas' Train SurfingGustavo Casasola Collection

It is well documented that women took part in the revolution, they were in charge of cooking, they served as nurses and they took up arms as well in the fight.

The 'Soldaderas' sitting in a wagon with one standing with her rifleGustavo Casasola Collection

Women took up arms and fought in the revolution.

Francisco León de la Barra in the Palacio Nacional next to Francisco I. MaderoGustavo Casasola Collection

The triumph of the revolution forced Porfirio Díaz to step down and call for elections. In the meantime, Francisco León de la Barra (see on the right) would occupy the position of Interim President.

Diplomatic Reception of Francisco I. Madero by Agustín Víctor CasasolaGustavo Casasola Collection

Here we see Francisco I. Madero, President of Mexico accompanied by his wife, Sara Pérez, in a diplomatic reception held in the Turkish Embassy in 1912.

54 decena trágica, foto de casasola by Agustín Víctor CasasolaGustavo Casasola Collection

The tragic events that occurred on the 9th of February and that would last for ten days were known as the “Tragic 10.”

Decena trágica by Agustín Víctor CasasolaGustavo Casasola Collection

The events of the Tragic 10 forced habitants of the capital to move because of the non stop cross fire concluded with the murder of then president Francisco I. Madero and vice-president, José María Pino Suárez

Full Body Portrait of Emiliano Zapata with SaberGustavo Casasola Collection

Emiliano Zapata Zalazar. Photographie made at the Hotel Moctezuma in Cuernavaca, Morelos.

Emiliano Zapata's Arrival to Buenavista by Heliodoro J. Gutiérrez,Gustavo Casasola Collection

General Emiliano Zapato arrived to Mexico City short time after President Diaz resignation. He was received by the members of the revolutionary army.

Adelitas acampando en los techos de los vagonesGustavo Casasola Collection

Its always been hard to be a woman, but in revolution times it was even harder, the ‘soldaderas’ used to travel on the roof of the trains, because the men and horses needed to travel in a "safer way".

Zapatista PrisonersGustavo Casasola Collection

Here we see ‘Zapatista’ women being arrested. Within this group was one of the sisters of the General Emiliano Zapata.

The 'Dorados' of VillaGustavo Casasola Collection

The group closest to Francisco Villa were known as “The Golden Ones” and they were in charge of his security.

Portrait of Pancho Villa by Gustavo Casasola ZapataGustavo Casasola Collection

Inside the train wagon of the northern line, surrounded by ammunition that was used during the famous battle scenes, we see the General Villa in 1913.

Woman Who Helped Soldiers Die PeacefullyGustavo Casasola Collection

During the revolution there were some women who would get out in the battle field to help the wounded soldiers or revolutionaries. They were famous for using their herbal knowledge to help bad wounded soldiers die peacefully.

Villa Crying After the Dead of MaderoGustavo Casasola Collection

While arriving to Mexico City, Francisco Villa visited the tomb of Francisco I. Madero to pay his respects, there he shed tears of sorrow.

Maria AtiasGustavo Casasola Collection

In 1914, the General Álvaro Obregón, arrived to the tomb of Francisco I. Madero where he removed his gun from its holster and gave it to the professor María Arias as recognition for her bravery, courage, and efforts to defend the democracy and her opposition to the dictatorship of Victoriano Huerta. It was at Francisco I. Madero’s tomb that Álvaro Obregón gave his gun to María Arias and from that point onwards she was named Maria Guns by the press.

The Entrace of the Zapatistas to Mexico City in December 1914Gustavo Casasola Collection

On the 6th of December 1914, the Generals Emiliano Zapata and Francisco Villa make their triumphant entrance to Mexico City, accompanied by their troops.

Pancho Villa in the Presidential ChairGustavo Casasola Collection

The gold rolled chair has been historically used by the presidents of Mexico. On December 6th 1914 the General Franciso Villa sat on it to pose for the picture and take a moment’s rest.

In the background we see Dolores Jiménez y Muro, who was a revolutionary and activist who fought for the Democracy and women rights.

Women Carrying Baskets in Search for FoodGustavo Casasola Collection

Due to rationing and scarcity, women had to travel in search of food and goods. 1915 was known as "the hunger year"

Town Waiting For The Distribution of CornGustavo Casasola Collection

During the food shortage in the Mexican Revolution, people had to wait in line for the distribution of corn.

Inauguration of the National PalaceGustavo Casasola Collection

Here we see the president Venustiano Carranza inaugurating the courses of the Heroic Military College

Carranza Arriving to ApizacoGustavo Casasola Collection

Venustiano Carranza wanted to move the seat of government's power to the port of Veracruz, as he was being persecuted by the Plan de Aguaprieta group.

General Calles and General ObregónGustavo Casasola Collection

Following the death of Venustiano Carranza, the General Adolfo de la Huerta was named president and he called for elections, in which the General Álvaro Obregón was elected. We see him at the center of the photo.

Monument to the RevolutionGustavo Casasola Collection

The Revolution halted the construction of many buildings, including the legislative palace. The architect Carlos Obregón took up the task to complete the unfinished work of Émile Bénard.

Agustín Casasola with his CameraGustavo Casasola Collection

Agustín Víctor Casasola Velasco (1874-1938) was a photographer and passionate reporter. He left the people of Mexico an important legacy that to this date serves to showcase the historical events of the country.

Credits: Story

Casasola México
Vania Casasola Cordoba
Gustavo Casasola Salamanca
Izchel Gaviña González

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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