Corn for everyone, everywhere, even in bread!

Corn is the most-farmed cereal crop in the world. Recognizable from its height and large grains, corn is a crop that comes in a range of varieties.

mais S5 Episode Du pop corn contre l'effet de serre grains de maïsIntercéréales


Appearing on the Mexican plains over 6,000 years ago, corn still holds the position today of the number one crop on the American continents. It's no surprise, then, that it holds a unique position in American food culture.

mais Jeunes plantes de maïs dans une parcelle.Intercéréales

Used in Europe for six centuries

At the end of the 15th century, corn caught the attention of Spanish navigators, who decided to bring it back to Europe. It is now the world's most farmed cereal crop.

mais Maïs devant la barre de coupe, vu de la cabine de la moissonneuseIntercéréales

France, leading the way in Europe

In France, more than 3 million hectares are devoted to corn farming, making it the second most farmed cereal crop.
Adept at ensuring a growing crop of grain, the country became the world's #1 exporter of corn kernels intended to be sown by farmers.

mais Panicules fleurs mâles de maïsIntercéréales

A male plant …

Unlike wheat, corn is sown in the spring. In the summer, the final bud blooms, becoming a flower known as corn tassel—this is the male flower which contains the pollen.

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… That's also female

During this time, the secondary buds, which are the female organs, form the ear that produces the grain.

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A plant that loves the summer

Corn grains suck up the sun's rays throughout the summer before being harvested when they reach maturity in the fall. Corn is a tall plant, with a height that varies between 6 to 13 feet (2–4 m).

mais S5 Episode Du pop corn contre l'effet de serre pop corn.Intercéréales

A thousand and one uses in cooking

From corn on the cob on the grill, to sweetcorn in a salad, to cornmeal in breakfast cereal, or corn starch in soups—there are as many ways to cook corn as there are grains on the plant's ear.

mais Ressuage des pains moulés sur une grilleIntercéréales

Spongy bread

You can also turn corn into a kind of bread that's very popular in the US. Because corn doesn't contain gluten, wheat flour is usually added to help the dough rise. This golden-yellow bread is dense and spongy.

Sachets en bioplastique sur des pommes by Nicole Cornec/Passion CéréalesIntercéréales

Pride of place in our daily lives

Bioplastics made from corn are used, for example, to make bags of fruit and vegetables bought in bulk. Bioethanol, which is used in fuel, also contains corn.
Corn starch is also a key component in cartons, toothpastes, and much more

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