The Timótheo Brothers

The persistence of being seen by black artists in art history and the present.

By Afro Brasil Museum

Cabeça de Negro (1906/1906) by Arthur Timotheo da CostaAfro Brasil Museum

The Timótheo brothers occupy a place of double-relevance in Afro-Brazilian history: that of being the precursors of the so-called modernism in Brazilian plastics...

Retrato de Homem (1900/1900) by Arthur Timotheo da CostaAfro Brasil Museum

... and that of being the first to represent non-stereotyped ordinary black people, breaking with the references of their the time of the black always represented as a kind of “continuation of slavery”, without a voice, without a face, without a name and without an identity other than that of the forced and dominated worker.

The work “Portrait of a Black Man” by Arthur Timótheo, from 1906, can be a representation of this disruptive portrayal.

Cabeça de Negro (1906/1906) by Arthur Timotheo da CostaAfro Brasil Museum

However, in addition to their undisputed legacies to Brazilian arts, the Timótheo brothers' history also largely reflects the context in which they lived and that is still imperative today: the context of invisibility or low visibility of black artists and intellectuals in the history of Brazil.

The insistance of being seen (2020) by PeggeAfro Brasil Museum

Thus, the search for memories, stories and positive narratives of the legacy of black artists and intellectuals in the composition of Brazilian history, which the Timótheo brothers undoubtedly occupy a fair place of honor and recognition, becomes a pressing need.

This artwork was created inspired by the Timóteo Brothers in celebration of Black Consciousness Day in Brazil, observed on November 20th.

In this work (The insistence on being seen), the artist Pegge is inspired by the history of the Timótheo Brothers.

Representing a search for collective visibility that is still expressed today by artists such as Pegge himself.

Credits: Story

Text and research: Douglas Araújo
Artwork: Pegge

A special collaboration between Afro Brasil Museum and Google Arts & Culture.

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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