'Untitled' (1955) by Anita Malfatti

'Untitled', Anita Malfatti, 1955, watercolor, in the collection of Museu Nacional da República

Sem título (1955) by Anita MalfattiMuseu Nacional da República

The watercolor present in the collection of the Museu Nacional da República is part of the set of works produced in the third phase of Anita Malfatti's artistic trajectory.

Sem título (1955) by Anita MalfattiMuseu Nacional da República

The third phase encompasses works carried out from the 1930s to the 1940s until the end of her career, when the artist dedicated herself to portraying family, friends and members of the elite, in addition to popular themes. Inland landscapes and popular themes are also presented

Sem título (1955) by Anita MalfattiMuseu Nacional da República

Anita Malfatti (1889 - 1964) was born in the city of São Paulo in 1889, she was a painter, draftsman, engraver, illustrator and teacher. She played a decisive role in the introduction of modernist aesthetics in the country.

She began his artistic apprenticeship with her mother, the painter Bety Malfatti. In 1910, she moved to Germany to study at the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts in Berlin, where she came into contact with expressionism.

In 1914, she returned to Brazil to exhibit her paintings independently at the Mappin Stores gallery for the first time. In the following years, Anita moved to New York and studied at the Independent School of Art, where she began to develop her style further. 

In 1917, she returned to Brazil again for her second solo exhibition: Exhibition of Modern Art, which received several negative reviews...

...including from writer Monteiro Lobato, who writes and publishes an article demonstrating against the influence of the avant-gardes of European origin in her work.

In 1922, encouraged by the Grupo dos Cinco - a group of which she was part of, along with Tarsila do Amaral, Mário de Andrade, Oswald de Andrade and Menotti del Picchia - the artist participated in the Week of Modern Art in São Paulo.

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