The Bill of rights

Sandra Li

Amendment I says that there is a freedom of speech, press, religion, and peaceful petition that cannot be barred by laws. To me, this means that people are allowed to express their own opinions. This man is able to use his right of free speech to protest/make a statement without being disturbed.
Amendment II states that people can own weapons and that the states can have a militia. To me, this means that the states and people have a right to protect themselves. The soldier in the woods is taking action to defend himself/his state because his rights allow him to protect himself.
Amendment III says that in a time of peace or without law in a time of war, soldiers can't stay in the houses of others without the owner's consent. The ability to turn soldiers away from their homes is the owner's right, and it is represented in the painting as a closed door in the back of a calm house.
Amendment IV states that anything belonging to someone else cannot be seized or searched by government officials without good reason. To me, this means that officials have to respect the privacy of others. The trees blocking the path represents privacy and the trees have no branches so they can't be 'seized'.
Amendment V says that the right to trial by jury, safety from double jeopardy, to not be forced to testify against themselves, and more are all rights of accused criminals. The saying that "You have a right to remain silent" likely came from this. In the picture, the man is silent, he is exercising his right to not provide evidence against himself.
Amendment VI says that people on trial have rights, like the right to a speedy/public trial, a lawyer, to know what they are being accused of, and others. Some lawyers are even provided to those who can't afford them. In the picture, lawyers are assigned to the accused, since they have the right to a lawyer.
Amendment VII means that dispute is worth more than twenty dollars, then you could ask for a trial to settle it. To me, this means that costly arguments have a right to be settled fairly. In the picture, there is a disagreement about some silver coins, apparently. One of the people could ask for trial by jury.
Amendment VIII says that unreasonable bails or fees and cruel/unusual punishments are not allowed. To me, this means that the punishment and the crime must be balanced, like not charging someone a million dollars for theft. In the picture, the woman is holding a scale, symbolizing the balance between crime and punishment.
Amendment IX states that people still have the rights that are not in the constitution/bill of rights. To me, this means that obvious rights may not be mentioned but still exist. The girl in the picture has a bird, and even though the right to own a pet isn't stated, she still has that right.
Amendment X states that power not given to the government by the constitution belong to the states and people. To me, this means that the states, and then ultimately the people. The picture shows some citizens on a state, who end up receiving some of that power.
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