The EVOLUTION OF THE HUMAN BODY IN ART: IN 16TH CENTURY ROME  by ERIC JAMES

In the sixteenth century Rome, a new age was formed. Artists focused on the humanism's of the human body. They created visions of their benefactors. By studying geometric shapes, astronomy, mathematics, and astrology, they captured the essence of their spirit. Using a technique called the Linear perspective, many artists was able to show three-dimensional shapes on a two-dimensional surface

Antonio Del Pollaiuolo's BATTLE OF THE NUDES, shows various actions of the human body. The movement of the figures captures the viewer eyes and stuns them. Such vivid details of the human spirit. One solider is in metal anguish, a second solider is in misery, a third solider is in agony, and another is in pain. The viewer sees different ranges of emotions from high, low, to the extreme.
Rapheal's, Madonna IN THE MEADOW, captivates the imagination. Its amazing colors and draperies unleash, the human emotion, joy. The woman with the two babies captures the spirit of play. The artwork shows such a serene environment, that it shows them having a relaxing, calming and fun time. Thus also showing emotions of the human body.
Michelangelo's PIETA, brings the event of the Virgin Mary holding Jesus's body, come to life. The texture of art is so real. Michelangelo captures the complete scene of her youthful expression mourning, a lifeless body of Jesus. These geometric shapes capture the entire human body. The viewer can see the ribs in his stomach, vines in his feet, and the muscles in his arm.
Peter Paul Rubens, MIRACLES OF ST. FRANCIS XAVIER, has awesome examples of the human spirit in faith. The contrast between light and dark is so appealing. Miracles are shown in the artwork. A blind man being moved, the dead coming back to life, and the emotion of a mother holding an dead infant. The detail of each emotion is very real, and it brings religion to life.
Raphael's, SCHOOL OF ATHENS uses the technique Linear perspective, to present many intellectual aspects of human nature. Each level has movement that represents levels of intelligence. On one level their are mathematicians and astronomers. On the center level there is, philosophers of that great time. The lower right shows levels of wisdom and music, and poetry. He uses linear perspective to bring to life all these intelligent beings.
Agnolo Bronzino's, THE CROSSING OF THE RED SEA, uses the technique linear perspective. By the artist using this method, we can see all stages of the crossing of the Red Sea. You can see the relief of the Jews, reaching the other side and their amazement of Moses naming Joshua. And the desperation of the Egyptians drowning in the Sea. Linear perspective showed this huge monumental moment in art.
Andrea Mantegna's THE DESCENT FROM THE CROSS shows the whole scene of Jesus and other men dying on the cross to the world. The dramatic color she used was only black, bringing a dark atmosphere to this horrid event. By showing movement he shows Christ, being lowered down after his death. In the lower left corner she shows the Jews concern for a lifeless body. In the lower right corner there is a conversation between officers. By using all these interactions she completely captures this spiritual event.
Titian's ECCE HOMO uses linear perspective to completely capture many events on this one occasion. By using this technique he was able to show viewers of this moment. In the bottom left he shows a boy in horror. In the top left he shows Christ beaten, being pushed out for the crowd to see. On the bottom right, he shows the officer Pilate smiling at his handiwork. He also uses Pilates daughter in white to show her purity. He uses many vivid colors to get his emotions to come to life.
Titan's, RAPE OF EUROPA uses geometric shapes to tell this story and show the scene of the sea and land. With lots of light and meaningful colors he brings to life the princess spirit. Jupiter in the form of a bull, kidnaps her. In the back ground he shows the villagers witnessing this event in horror. There is so much movement with the angels at the top and bottom left and the white bull carrying away his prize.
The ADORATION OF THE SHEPHERD WITH DONOR uses geometric shapes and three-dimensional figures to bring this tell to life. Using alabaster and lots of movement he completely captures the shepherds emotions of glee, happiness, and humbleness. One priest is praying and the Virgin Mary is awestruck by the birth. All human emotions are felt and seen by the viewer.
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