New American Bondage

by Jessica Reed for ARH2000

To be forced to wear shackles for a single day must have felt like a lifetime. For the vast majority, their freedom would never be returned.
Although the British depiction appears genial, the experience of separating families and the torturous journey to the Americas was simply barbaric for the victims. Nearly 15 million men, women, and children would be forced to make this journey.
The level of sociopathy involved with slavery is immense, as humans lose what is innately human: empathy. Nearly all amounts of a slaver's empathy is removed, making it the most savage practice in human history.
Pictured here are the starkly different living conditions of slaves during the American colonial period. These individuals were about to be freed.
The first African American poet to publish a book was a woman named Phillis Wheatley, her surname derived from her former owners.
A group of students being taught by their instructor shows the dedication and determination within oppressed societies, particularly women, and the power they hold to rise up against the oppressor.
The Emancipation Proclamation improved working conditions for African American people; however, the dangerous work they carried out for menial pay still constituted as slavery.
Despite this particular chain was used over a thousand years ago, similar chains were used on prisoners who conducted forced labor during the 20th century. Chain gangs were not used in America before the Emancipation Proclamation.
Due to systemic racism and poverty, the homes of many African American families in Mississippi during the early part of the 20th century were unfortunately similar to the shacks in which they resided during slavery.
Bondage persists when racism exists.
Racial profiling has only added to the legitimate and century-long issue of police brutality against people of color, particularly African American individuals.
Chain gangs are illustrated in selected photographs. White prisoners were rarely selected to perform forced labor. The industrial prison system is America's newest form of bondage against its systemically hegemonized and exploited societies. The government pays private prisons for keeping every cell full.
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