Kael and Carter
Syria most likely derives from the name of the Neo Assyrian-Empire established in the 10th century BC.
Modern Syria became independent in 1946 following a period of French occupation and Mandate.
In 1958, the Republic of Syria became briefly part of the Unites Arab Republic but in 1961 withdrew from the federation.
From 1963, the Syrian Arab Republic has been ruled by the Ba’ath with the Assad family exclusively from 1970.
Currently Syria is fractured between rival forces on the course of the Syrian civil war.
This is a picture of the a ship from Syria in WWII.
Ottoman Syria was turned into the short-lived Arab Kingdom of Syria in 1920, which was however soon committed under French Mandate.
From 1938 known as a Republic, Syria gained independence in 1946, entering the Arab-Israeli War in 1948, and remaining in a state of political instability during the 1950s and 1960s.
In 1970, Hafez al-Assad and his Ba'ath party took power.
Syria was ruled autocratically by Assad during 1970-2000.
After Assad's death in 2000 he was succeeded by his son, Bashar al Assad.
In 2011, Bashar al-Assad's government faced the ongoing civil war.
Over 500 children have been killed.
Another 400 children have been reportedly arrested and tortured in Syrian prisons.
Many Syrian refugees have fled the violence of the civil war. Us will take some people in. However, some US states have voted not to take in these people.
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National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
The J. Paul Getty Museum
Pergamonmuseum, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin
LIFE Photo Collection
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