Greek Art

By: Abby Oscovitch

The Vase in the Shape of a Duck is made of ground quartz and natron. The duck vase was molded together in the 3rd-2nd century BC. It has a realistic bluish green color, and the body has a dot pattern covering it up until the wings which have a feather-like pattern on it. Despite the fact that it’s hard to see, the creator of this went into such detail that he even gave the duck vase nicely detailed webbed feet.
The Lion Rhyton is a lion’s head and body attached to a large body of Parthian silver rython. The significance of the lion is to show the original owner’s wealth and status. The symbolism is nobility and courage. It’s use was to pour wine in the top of it, and then it comes out in the spout in between the lion’s legs. This is a piece that was involved in a long strand of complicated political history, and has left it’s legacy in the art of the area.
On the Engraved Scarab it has a carving of a lioness stretching out, and nursing her baby cub. Lions were very popular and recurring in Greek art, but lion cubs are rarely ever used. Scarabs usually were pierced and used as a ring or a pendant. Depending on how you wore it, you would either show off one side, which is the beetle, or the other side, which is the intaglio surface.
The Throne is one of the very rare kinds of Greek Marble furniture. It could have possibly been in the Theater of Dionysis, and considered a set of honor. There are two scenes shown on the chair, one historical, and one mythological. One of the throne’s past owners was Lord Elgin, a collector of antiques. But an inscription on the top of the throne says Boethos, which they assume is the past owner of the throne, although they don’t exactly know who that is just yet.
The Water Jar has various designs on it. Herakles, a Greek hero, is shown battling Lernean Hydra, all while a large crab pinches his foot. His ally, Lolaos, is on the other side of him, cutting monsters heads off qith a short, curved sword. The handle has two sphinxes on it, and floral designs can be seen covering the rest of the vase. The Jar is said to possibly have two creators, and is unique because it uses floral designs, which was a technique that was not known in Greek vase-painting.
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