Important artifacts in egypt

By Ryan Wiedmayer

Description Sunk relief, the technique used for this relief, is most often employed for sculpture decorating the exterior of monuments; thus, this fragment is probably from the facade of Metjetji's mastaba tomb. The Arabic word “mastaba”, meaning bench, refers to the massive rectangular structures found above many tombs in Egypt
Date Created: 2450 BC - 2350 BC Excavation: Giza, Western Necropolis near the Pyramid of Khufu, Mastaba of Snefru-nofer, Egypt Provenance: found 1912/13; 1914 donated by the Austrian Accademy of Sciences Polychrome Limestone
Date Created: Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 21–26, (about 1070–656 B.C.) Ra (Re) was the primary name of the sun god of Ancient Egypt. He was often considered to be the King of the Gods and thus the patron of the pharaoh and one of the central gods of the Egyptian pantheon. He was also described as the creator of everything. Ra was so powerful and popular and his worship was so enduring that some modern commentators have argued that the Egyptian religion was in fact a form of veiled monotheism with Ra as the one god.
In the so-called Saitic period large stone sarcophagi came into vogue again in Egypt. The period is sometimes termed the Saitic renaissance, because of the renewed flourishing and re-interpretation of cultural traditions from the past. The sarcophagus of Wahibreemakhet, who hailed from a Greek immigrant family, is made of solid basalt. Although Wahibreemakhet himself was named after the Saitic Pharaoh Apries, he gives Arkskares and Sentiti as his parents’ names. The Greek names Alexikles and Zenodote have been recognized in these.
This bust depicts the goddess Isis wearing pleated garments, armlets, a necklace with a scalloped pendant, beaded choker, earrings, and a jeweled diadem surmounted by two large rosettes and the crown of the goddess. Isis was the most prominent Egyptian goddess, as the wife of the god of the Netherworld, Osiris, and the mother of the sun-god Horus, whose manifestation on earth was the king of Egypt. Her origins are obscure, but she is attested by about 2400 B.C., and her worship in Egypt continued until the 6th century A.D. In time she became a universal goddess, subsuming other deities, and her cult spread throughout the Mediterranean world.
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