In this exhibition we explore the art of Ancient Egypt. Ancient Egyptians were extremely advanced and created masterpieces that have withstood the test of time. Beginning with the early settlers in 3500 BC the dynasty had a long and magnificent reign spanning all the way until the reign of the Romans in 100AD. There were several rulers and many different trials and tribulations for Egypt. These time periods are split into five dynasty periods. The Early Dynasty began in 3100 AD and spanned into the Old Kingdom Dynasty around 2700 BC. From about 2200-2100 BC there was no dynasty but in 2055 Mentuhotep II gained control of entire country beginning the Middle Kingdom Dynasty. There was a second lapse of the dynasty when the Hyksos rulers took control of the delta region. However, in 1550 BC Ahmose threw the Hyksos out of Egypt and unified the country again creating the New Kingdom period. The unification lasted until around 1100 BC until the kingdom split once more, Upper Egypt from Lower Egypt. This remained the same until about 728BC when the Nubian King Piy conquered Egypt. This was known as the Late Period. In 332BC Alexander the Great conquered Egypt. Then in 305BC Ptolemy I became King beginning the final period known as the Ptolemaic period. This period ended with the iconic death of Cleopatra and the rise of Roman rule. Thankfully this is a culture with a great love for artfully preserving their history and we are able to see the passing of history in their vast collections given as tribute from and for the many rulers. In this small collection I hope to touch on a few of their great contributions.
One of the cultural traditions that people quickly relate with the Egyptians is their viewpoint on death as well as their idolization of their rulers. There were many rituals included with the death of a ruler and the Egyptians left no detail undone when it came to these beliefs. This theme of this gallery is based on these widely studied concepts. In this gallery you will see the Mastaba Tomb of Perneb (ca. 2381-2323 B.C.), The relief sculpture of Matjetji and his son Sabu-Ptah (2375-2321 B.C.), the Canonic chest of Pharaoh Sobekemsaf I (1628 B.C.), and the Funeral bed of Herty, with lion feet (100-300A.D.) All by unknown artists leaving the importance on the actual subject captured rather than the artist themselves. All of the pieces, with the exception of the relief sculpture, embody both the culture of death and the idolization of rulers. The relief sculpture focuses entirely on the superiority of their rulers and the qualities they were believed to embody. Along with each picture there will be a brief explanation of the cultural importance of the piece and the relation to the theme. Some of the pieces were chosen above others because of their rarity while others where chosen to show the diversity of the Egyptian art. When looking through these pieces it is difficult not to be intrigued by their beliefs and superstitions. And, in some instances, the superstition transcends time, as you will see in the Book of death piece. I hope you enjoy my gallery.