In this picture I see texture, value, and line. I see texture in the hippo's skin and on the ground it's laying on. I see value in each part of the picture because the picture is black and white. The only way to show color in a black and white picture is by making parts of the picture darker and lighter. I see line in a lot of the picture but mostly in the bars of the cage. There is also a lot of proportion in this picture. When the elements in the picture combine they create size-relationships of one part to another, and to the whole. These elements mainly do so by comparing the hippo to the rest of the picture.