Self And Other 

The self centered desires vs the community centered                                           views. 

Freud's theory says the Id is the part of the mind that contains our primal desires, the things we want that a considered amoral by social and cultural norms (Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis, 354-374). This painting, "Fruits of Desire", reminds Adam and Eve with their desire for knowledge that led them to eat the forbidden fruit. It relates to the selfish desire Antigone had. The Id is what made Adam and Eve desire knowledge much like it was the Id that made Antigone selfishly desire the burial of her brother over her life as well as the community. Freud believes that if the desire goes unchecked, or unrepressed, people could become uncontrollable (Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis, 354-374). Antigone was controlled by her unconscious mind, by her Id, which put her to desire, her selfish needs, above all else.
The Super Ego is another part of Freud’s mind theory. This is the conscious part of the mind, the part that follows the social and cultural norms, it constrains the Id, represses it (Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis, 354-374). This part of the mind does not care so much about what you want but what you have to do, it is the exact opposite of the Id. "Desire of City" shows the desire for the well-being and prosper of the city above all else. One must put aside what they want and do what is best for the community above all else. It relates to Sophocles’ Creon, who put the community, his city, before all things. The Super Ego tells the mind to submit to the norms of society and push your desires back. The views of society and culture are to be put before yourself.
In Sophocles’ “Antigone”, Antigone was depicted as, by Greek standards, a bad Greek woman . She did not want to listen to the men around her let alone the king who had ultimate authority (Antigone v.40-50). “In this portrait, Julia is seated, hands on hips, in a traditionally popular and almost defiant attitude” (José Luis Díez). "Julia" is a picture of a woman who looks courageous and defiant, sh will not submit to anyone, not even a king. Antigone relates to this photo because she act in the same manner. She is not submissive and she puts her own needs and wants before that of her community and her kind Creon. Antigone wanted to selfishly bury her brother even through her king had forbidden it since her brother was considered a traitor. Still, even with the threat of death Antigone chose to defy her king.
Sophocles' Creon was king since the past king Oedipus had died along with both of his sons. As king, Creon believed he had absolute authority over all his subjects as a king should, but Antigone proved rebellious and did not follow his decree. Creon truly believed he was putting the community’s needs first when he made the law forbidding anyone from bury the traitor that was Antigone’s brother, but others kept warning him that by sentencing Antigone to death he is not doing what is best for the city (Antigone v.545-580, 800-810). Despite the warnings, he stuck to his belief until it was too late. The throne represents the absolute power of a king. A kings rule should always be followed with out question and should never be defied, especially not by a woman.
The Id and the Super Ego are in constant conflicts with each other. The mind is constantly struggling between your desires and doing what is supposed to be done by the standards of society. The continuous conflict between these two parts of the mind leads to chaos, much like it did with Antigone and Creon. Creon did what he thought was best for the community and Antigone did what she desired for herself. These two were the major conflicting forces in the play which ultimately led to the demise of everything around them. For Antigone it lead to her own demise as well as the death of her fiancée. For Creon it led to not only the deaths of his loved ones, his son and wife, but it also led to the destruction of his beliefs and how he viewed himself. He once saw himself as a benevolent king but all too late he realized he had become a tyrant whose belief had led to the demise of everything around him. The broken mirror represents Creon’s shattered beliefs and also the distorted view of himself. He saw himself differently before the mirror was broken but now that it is he no longer recognizes himself.
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