The russian revolution

By: Helena Wigoda and Paulina Ortiz

I, the worker, demand an eight-hour day, higher wages and better conditions. (February, 1905)
There were shameful defeats of us, the Russian army and navy, in the war with Japan led to demands for change of government. (March and May, 1905)
Middle-class demand an elected parliament, freedom of speech and the right to form political parties. Poles and Finns demand independence. Jews want equal civil rights. (May and June, 1905)
Our peasant riots became widespread. Land is seized and landowners houses are looted and burned. (June and July, 1905)
We, the Russian troops and the Japanese troops, sign a peace treaty. Thousands of troops are now free to help put down the unrest in European Russia. The government paid their back pay and promised better conditions of service so that they would remain loyal to the Tsar. (September, 1905)
A general strike spread from Moscow to other cities. All opposition groups were united in demanding changes. Barricades were set up in the streets. (October, 1905)
St Petersburg Soviet of Workers' Deputies was formed. Workers co-ordinate strike action This was a threat to the Tsar's government. (October, 1905)
I had the choice of giving in or using force, with the massive bloodshed. I gave in and issued the October Manifesto, on October the 30th. This promised a parliament elected by people, civil rights and uncensored newspapers and the right to form political parties. People stopped their protests and supported the government.
The Tsar used force to close down the St Petersburg Soviet and crush an armed uprising in Moscow. He sent troops to take revenge on workers and peasants who had rioted and bring him under control. (December, 1905)
- The Tsar's uncle was assassinated in Moscow. - The shameful defeats of the russian army and navy in the war with Japan. - The St Petersburg Soviet of Workers' Deputies. This were all big threats to the Tsar's government.
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