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By Emma Shelton 

"If they would rather die," said Scrooge, "they had better do it, and decrease the surplus population." (Stave I) Scrooge represents a man that is so disconnected from the poor that he does not feel any pity, or concern towards them. He is explaining that people are just numbers to him and that there are too many homeless people living as economic burdens to society. The overpopulation is an issue that is very concerning, but even more so when there is such a gap between the rich and the poor.That the wealthy are so disconnected that they are not willing to be involved in the welfare of others.
"His wealth is of no use to him. He don't do any good with it... he is never going to benefit US with it." (Stave III) Scooge's nephew is displaying the opinion of many of the lower class when it comes to the economy in saying that the upper class should share their wealth. The social classes of this time had no middle class and the poor were trying desperately to create one.
"My life upon this globe, is very brief," replied the Ghost. "It ends to-night." (Stave III) The idea that the ghost of Christmas present is dying so soon is very symbolic that Scrooge will be dying soon as well. Not only could this foreshadow Scrooge's physical death, but that even just the spirit of Christmas is dying within him as well. These three spirits are Scrooge's final chance to get back his spirit of Christmas and to continue to live his life and not die with it.
"Scrooge said he knew it. And he sobbed" (Stave II) When the ghost of Christmas past is showing Scrooge his childhood he is beginning to show actual emotion. I think he feels this way because the ghost is reminding him of how right when he thought he could be a part of his family again his father made him become an apprentice. In the economy it was a better option for parents to put their children into apprenticeships so that they would not have to pay for their children as an economic burden.
"but most of all beware this boy, for on his brow I see that written which is Doom." (Stave III) The boy that the ghost is talking about represents ignorance so this quote is very symbolic of what is taking place in society. The ghost is warning that if society keeps going on being ignorant of what is going on around them they will be doomed. This same concept is shown in the "Modest Proposal" the people were so unaware, and or did not care about what was going on that Jonathan Swift had to try to grab societies realization in a big way.
"Bah Humbug" (Stave I) Although this is a very short quote it represents so much more than Scrooge's resentment towards Christmas. Scrooge is saying that he Does not believe anyone actually wants to wish him an "Merry Christmas". That Christmas as a holiday is a huge lie altogether. Scrooge is a very logical man and does not want to be portrayed as being tricked by society. He is expressing a much greater social issue in saying this as well. Scrooge is saying that society lies to one another, even that saying "Merry Christmas" is just the politically correct thing to do, and that people do it just to be accepted.
"you don't think me ill-used, when I pay a day's wages for no work." (Stave I) The relationship between Scrooge and Bob Cratchit is an example of the modernizing relationship between the employee and the boss. The boss has total control and can enforce terrible conditions. The surplus population makes it possible for the boss to gain work for very cheap, while the worker will be working for an wage and does not have to be concerned with being efficient and good quality. This mindset between the boss and the worker is the same among factories even up until today, and is a problem society has focused on fixing very recently.
"What evidence would you have of my reality beyond that of your senses?" (Stave I) The ghost is pointing out that Scrooge is so logical and unwilling to trust others, that at times he does not even trust himself. I would say that these feelings came from his childhood and being let down by his father so many times. Scrooge represents society as a whole because many people are really apprehensive to trust one another in business, and relationships. When everyone does not trust one another it creates a feeling of suspense and uneasiness for everyone.
"and stopped to bless Bob Cratchit's dwelling with the sprinkling of his torch. Think of that!" (Stave III) Scrooge is so shocked that the ghost is willing to bless such a small home with the Christmas spirit, because they are poor. He thinks that happiness is directly associated with money and that only the wealthy can be truly happy. Scrooge lives in a wealthy estate that is way too big and pompous for one man to live in, while the Cratchit's are crammed in a small cottage for a living space. With this in mind Scrooge is dismal and always unhappy, while the Cratchit's represent a very happy family, so Scrooge was wrong, wealth most obviously does not equate to true happiness.
"You don't mean to say you took 'em downrings and all, with him lying there?" (Stave IV) There are so many people that are without jobs that an old lady was willing to do anything to make money, even steal a dead man's possessions. The only thing that she was concerned about was how she could make money. The market she sells it into is an dishonest market filled with stolen things that people trade with one another. The economy is so bad that they are willing to do something wrong in order to make money, but is their only option.
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