7th grade research (Francisco de Zurbarán)

Francisco de Zurbaran was an artist of the 1600s. He was born in 1598 in Fuente de Cantos, Extremadura. He was baptised on november 7th of the same year. As a child he would imitate objects with charcoal. He was married in 1617 to María Paet who was nine years older. She died in 1624 giving birth. In 1625 he got married again to a widow named Beatriz de Morales. On January 17, 1626 Francisco de Zurbarán signed a contract with the prior of the Dominican monastery San Pablo el Real in Seville, agreeing to produce 21 paintings within eight months. This is where his career kicked off. On August 29, 1628, Francisco de Zurbarán was commissioned by the Mercedarians of Seville to produce 22 paintings for the cloister in their monastery. In 1629. His paintings had great reputation. On February 7, 1644, Francisco married a third time with another wealthy widow. He died on August 27, 1664, at the age of 65. The paintings Zubaran made were very realistic. In 1627 he painted the great altarpiece of St. Thomas Aquinas, now in the Museum of Fine Arts of Seville, it was his biggest artwork. Thirteen of his paintings, depicting the patriarch Jacob and 12 of his sons, are held at Auckland Castle in Bishop Auckland. They were purchased by the Bishop of Durham, Richard Trevor, in 1756. Held by the Church of England for over 250 years, in 2011 they were transferred, along with the castle, to a charitable trust backed by philanthropist Jonathan Ruffer Along with the Palace of the Bishops of Durham, they will form the heart of a new museum and gallery exploring the history of religion, faith, and religious art. In 1835, paintings by Zurbarán were confiscated from monasteries and displayed in the new Museum of Cádiz.

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