AFRO-CENTRICS (JOLANI McCLENDON)

This gallery contains representations of historical figures as well as times in African American history. From the Civil Rights Movement (1960's) to present day (President Barack Obama). This gallery includes paintings, portraits and various other mediums. As we celebrate Black History Month all February long, I am proud to present you with these pieces of African American History.-Jolani McClendon

Here we have a hymn book which was owned by Harriet Tubman (1822-1913). This hymnal book was published in 1876 with compositions by Philip Paul Bliss and Ira D. Sankey. Harriet Tubman is known as the "Mother Of The Underground Railroad". Harriet Tubman help free families and friends who were enslaved by using the Underground Railroad to help them escape slavery.
What we have here is believed to be a poster advertisement for a play "Negro Peoples Theatre Presents: Langston Hughes' Great Play Don't You Want To Be Free". This poster is dated 1938. Langston Hughes (1902-1967) who was a poet, playwright, social activist, novelist and columnist was also known as an innovator of what is known as "jazz poetry" and as a leader of the Harlem Renaissance.
The photographer of this photo is unknown but it is a portrait of Martin Luther King Jr. and Rev. Ralph Abernathy dated in 1964. This would be in Birmingham, Alabama where the "Letter From Birmingham Jail" was later written by Dr. King. The contributions by Dr. King to the Civil Rights Movement are known by everyone and it is safe to say that Dr. King was the "face" of the Civil Rights Movement.
Here we have a portrait of Huey Newton seated in a wicker chair. Photography by Blair Stapp, Composition by Eldridge Cleaver. Dated as 1967. Huey Newton (1942-1989) was the co-founder of the Black Panther Party in 1966, Newton also earned a Ph.D. in social philosophy. In this picture Newton can be seen holding a spear in his left hand and a shotgun in his right hand. The Black Panther Party was started as a result of blacks being mistreated by law enforcement as well as the KKK.
Here we have a poster known as "Revolution". Author is unknown but it is believed to be from 1968. Eldridge Cleaver For President can be seen at the bottom. Eldridge Cleaver (1935-1998) was a writer and political activist most known for his association with the Black Panther Party. Cleaver was Minister Of Information or spokesperson for the Black Panther Party as well as being an early leader of that organization. Cleaver was also a fugitive on the run from authorities in the US. ELdridge Cleaver's most noted work is a book entitled "Soul On Ice".
Black Panther Party Headquarters in 1967, photographer is unknown. Depicted is 2 members of the Black Panther Party on guard outside the headquarters. The Black Panther Party for Self Defense was founded by Bobby Seale and Huey P. Newton after the assassinations of both President John F. Kennedy and Malcolm X.
As a result of the growing power of the Black Panther Party the FBI and then leader J. Edgar Hoover targeted the BPP and other black organizations as being a threat. COINTELPRO was then started by the FBI and many members of the Black Panther Party were arrested including leader Huey P. Newton. In this portrait which is a poster. The bottom is captioned "FREE THE PANTHERS" as many in the organization were targeted and arrested as a result of COINTELPRO. The photographer or creator of this work is unknown but it is dated 1969.
Michael Jordan "Wings" Poster is dated in 1989. Michael Jeffrey Jordan (February 17, 1963) also known as "Air" or "His Airness" is a name that comes up almost immediately when the topic is basketball. As he is one of the greatest to ever play the game. Their are plenty of accolades to his name which to most you don't even have to mention and for the purposes of this gallery we won't get into (too many) but he is now part owner of the Charlotte Hornets after an illustrious career which saw him win 6 championships with the Chicago Bulls and absolutely dominated the NBA during the 1990's decade.
Barack Hussein Obama II, the 44th and current President of The United States Of America. In this portrait entitled "Obey" we see a painting of the presidents image, with great style and texture. The artist of this photo is Shepard Fairey. It is not dated but I believe it is from the 2008 campaign for presidency as you can clearly see the words VOTE on the left side. This is a very nice photograph and would be a great collectors item.
An Attack Against One is An Attack Against All (ca. 1970) this poster is distributed by the Robert Brown Elliot League Collection of Merrill C. Berman. This was also a slogan of the Black Panther Party. As you can see in the poster the Black Panther is boldly in the center of this poster and for those outside the party it may have created that intimidation factor. The Black Panther Party was not a hate group, despite contrary beliefs, they simply taught members of the party to have pride in who they are as black men and women and also served as monitors of our own neighborhoods in an effort to stop police brutality amongst blacks. We have the BPP to thank for programs today such as the WIC program which wouldn't exist if the BPP weren't offering free breakfast for kids and free commodities to women with children.
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