By Sarah Abdeshahian and Maddie Banker

Piero del Pollaiolo was an Italian Renaissance painter whose art shows classical influences. This portrait shows the woman as aristocratic, elite, and noble. This reflects society's view of a woman needing to be "lady-like" and well-put-together.
Jacopo Negretti, also known as Palma Vecchio, was an Italian painter. This portrait shows the woman as prideful and relaxed. Thus, the painting reflects society's view that a woman's anatomy is beautiful and should be adored in the right way, like through art.
John Vanderbank was an English painter that was highly reputed during the reign of King George I. This portrait shows an fragile but elegant woman. She looks fragile since she is wearing light-colored, ethereal clothing, and her hair is dainty. It reflects the society's view of women needing to be poised. Society emphasized the fragility of women, therefore, society thought that they should look and act innocently.
Désiré Charnay was a french traveler. Charnay used photography in order to document his exploration. This picture was taken during his trip of Madagascar. These women look solemn. They are not smiling, but they seem comfortable in their environment. Charnay's photo portrays the women as feminine but strong. This is a reflection of the society in that time at that location. Typically, the Madagascar society encouraged the independence of women, they did not force them to be subservient to men, which is completely different from the European societies at that time.
Jules Pascin was a Bulgarin artist who later became an American citizen. This portrait shows a serene woman in a deep slumber. The painting reflects society's praise of a woman's anatomy and its encouragement of being comfortable in one's skin.
The man, one of the members of the Medici family, in this portrait looks very proud.. This painting was also during the Renaissance, meaning that men were expected to be highly skilled or patrons of the arts. Sandro Boticelli was one of the most renowned Renaissance painters; famous for his The Birth of Venus and Primavera.
The man in this picture looks very proud and intelligent. As seen in the picture, he is writing showing that he is a scholarly man. Because this painting was done during the Renaissance, men were expected to be great scholars and well experience in the arts. This painting depicts a man who is proficient in the art of writing, maybe poetry. The artist, Jan Gossaert, originated from the Netherlands and brought a new trend to the art world. His journey to Italy in 1508 with Phillip of Burgundy led to a revolution in Neverlandish art with his new painting ideas and trends. Gossaert’s style combined Flemish figures and Italianized architectural elements and classical poses. Royal commissions sent him to Brussels, Maines, and Utrecht and he even was hired to decorate Phillip of Burgundy’s castle. He produced many Madonna and Child paintings as well as portraits.
The man in this portrait seems to be very proud and almost hostile-like. The man seems to be of the nobility, making his at the top of the social class. Men during this time were above women and men in the nobility or the Gentleman were highly respected. Anton van Dyck was a famous Flemish baroque artist and is best known for his portraits of Charles I. He studied painting under Hendrick van Balen and became a master pupil of Peter Paul Rubens. He later became the leading court painter in England, was ennobled by the King, and dominated portrait painting. He even has a shade of oil paint named after him today.
The man in this picture looks proud but pleasant. He is writing letters showing that he is well educated and his dress shows that he is a member of a higher social class. Men during the 18th century were expected to be intelligent, courageous, and determined. Men were expected to rule over women and their property. The man in this picture was the Controller of General Finance to Louis XVI. His failture to reform the financial situation in France led to the French Revolution. Elisabeth Vigée Le Brun was a very well-known and fashionable portraitist of 18th century France and her clients included Marie Antoinette.
This man in this portrait looks melancholy. This picture shows society’s expectation for a man to be well rounded in subjects such as science. Remembrandt Peale was an American painter, writer, and portraitist who is known for his portraits of Jefferson and Washington.
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