Ancient Greek Art

By: Rebecca Matthews

This is a rare surviving example of ancient Greek marble furniture. The throne was placed in a public space used as a seat of honor. On the sides there are two scenes that depict tales of Athen's liberation. One of them was mythical and the other was historical.
The lion symbolizes protection of a grave in Athens or it's territory. The back of the statue was damaged and had to be recut in later years. The body of the lion is rather dog like while the mane and face is more sylized. This is considered a typical piece of Greek art at the time.
This statue of the ram has a great significance to the epic, The Odyssey. This comes from the scene where Odysseus and his men had to escape from the cyclopse before they were killed. A figure protruding between the ram's front legs represents Odysseus underneath. Statues symbolizing scenes from The Odyssey were very common at this time.
The head was named after it's former owner Olivier Rayet. The head was placed atop a tomb or in a sanctuary as it could represent a human or a god. The head originally belonged to the Statue of a Young Man. Also, the head represents development with the cheeks and the smile known as the "Archaic Smile".
This scarab is engraved with a running centaur, with a branch in one hand. Also, it seems as if the centaur is kneeling down on one knee. That pose symbolized fast motion in ancient Greek art. This scarab would normally be worn as a pendant or a ring by attaching it to a metal hoop.
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