Juan Gris was a Spanish artist who mainly focused on cubism. He was born on March 23, 1887 in Madrid, Spain. He died on May 11, 1927 in Paris, France. His original name was José Victoriano Gonzalez. After he studied in Madrid he settled in Paris in 1906. He had his first exhibition in the Salon Des Independents of 1912. Gris was a neighbor and friend to Pablo Picasso, who was also a cubist. Gris started with some of his paintings like Guitar and Flowers and Portrait of Picasso. These two paintings were made in 1911 and 1912. The year 1914 marked the beginning of Gris’s synthetic cubist career. In 1914, Gris came out with the painting Guitar, Glasses and Bottle. In 1915, Gris returned back to Paris after spending time with one of his friends Henri Matisse in Collioure in 1914. When he returned to Paris, he suffered extreme poverty during World War I. he came out with a painting called the Violin late in 1916. In 1917 he made his only sculpture, the Harlequin. Between 1917 and 1920 he put a new complexity into his paintings. He put in interplays between objects and their shadows, such as the Fruit Bowl on Checkered Cloth. In 1920 gris fell ill with pleurisy. When he was trying to get better he met Daniel Henry Kahnweiler, who wrote Gris’s first monograph in 1929.In Gris’s last years his health continued to deteriorate. In 1924 and 1925 he lectured and wrote about his views on painting. He wrote a paper called Les Possibilités de la peinture or in English, On the Possibilities of Painting. This paper was later translated and widely published. He then died on May 11, 1927 in Paris. Gris was very well known for his work with cubism. He was a well respected artist that made many fantastic paintings.