Russia 1917

By Sophie and Issy

23rd February 1917- Women took to the streets to protest against lack of food and rising costs
March 1917- Tsar Nicholas II abdicated the throne. His son was too ill to take over and his brother refused to take the throne
March 1917: The committee of the Duma became the provisional government.
April 1917- Lenin returned to Petrograd and delivered his April Theses No Support for the Provisional government. Fight for the Soviets to take power. End the war. Confiscate the big estates. Nationalise the banks. Establish workers' control of industry. Replace the police and army with a workers' militia. Replace the old state bureaucracy with workers' administration. Proclaim a Communist Party; establish a new international.
June offensive- Enough troops were scraped together for an offensive but, almost inevitably, the result was a disastrous failure. The morale of the army declined further and there were huge increases in the level of desertions. The soldiers became more receptive to Bolshevik propaganda and the loyalty of a number of units to the Provisional Government was now uncertain.
July days- In petrograd soldiers and industrial workers engaged in spontaneous armed demonstrations against the Russian Provisional Government.
July- Lenin flees to Finland
August- Kornilov affair- Kornilov made an attempt to seize power for himself. His army advanced on Petrograd, with the Provisional Government under the leadership of Alexander Kerensky, seemingly powerless to stop him. This gave an opportunity for the Bolsheviks to take the lead in the saving Petrograd from Kornilov.
October- Lenin returned to petrograd
October- Lenin organises meetings to organise how the Bolsheviks will seize power.
October Revolution- Bolshevik seize power in Petrograd.
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