Reason vs. passion

Reason and passion, logic and madness, and rationality and emotion are all ways to describe the differing sides to any situation. An individual can use either side to make a specific decision in a moment as well as use it to guide the way they lead their lives as a whole. Reason and passion work as a balancing act as they work well in conjunction, but can often be seen to wrestle for superiority. Sophocles and Freud both show the theme of reason versus passion in their works. This is portrayed by both Sophocles and Freud as something every individual faces; an individual will experience times where they must choose between their more logical side and their more irrational, passionate side. 

Freud believed that people had repressed desires as children and as adults. As a result, this repression caused problems within their psyches. Many times women were the ones who repressed their sexual desires and this could cause "people [to] fall ill in one way or another of frustration, when reality prevents them from satisfying their sexual wishes" (Freud 248). To act on their id's and to satisfy their wishes, Freud believed that could cure many of the neuroses he studied.
Many of Freud's studies center on madness and logic. People who are more in tune with their logical sides have a stronger pull to their superego, while the stronger the mad side, the stronger the pull to their id. Freud tells the "Gentlemen," that there are "three forms of neurosis - anxiety hysteria, conversion hysteria and obsessional neurosis," (Freud 249). These neuroses are caused by repression, which are highly problematic for the psyche, and usually seen in women as the constraints in the Victorian period held men and women to different standards.
Sophocles shows Antigone's role in society as something predetermined by her culture. The straight path she is supposed to follow constricts her, and if broken it could mean dire consequences. "I am not afraid of the danger; if it means death" (Sophocles 4). Antigone passionately tells her sister, Ismene, that she plans to bury her brother Polyneices even if it does mean that she could lose her life by doing so.
Reason and logic is well represented here as the flowers in the water are symmetrically placed in the middle. Freud's idea of the superego shows the more rational part of the human psyche. Sophocles' Creon demonstrates the superego with his need for rationality and logistics. "Good lives are made so by discipline. We keep the laws then, and the lawmakers," (Sophocles 20). Creon attempts to control the passionate, more irrational, Antigone.
Antigone's passion can be seen in this portrait of a woman. Antigone surpasses what her society deemed rational as she unrelentingly acts towards what she believes is right. "And now you can prove what you are, A true sister, or a traitor to your family," (Sophocles 2). Antigone has an obligation to stay loyal to her brother by properly burying his body. Ismene does not have the same passion to stay loyal to her brother as Creon has proclaimed the action illegal and punishable by death. The portrait of the woman so uninhibited is an accurate portrayal of Antigone's passion that cannot be repressed.
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