What is the Other? The Other is a person or group of people who society looks down upon, viewing them as social outcasts, because they are different from the majority of the population by either ideals or philosophy.
Here in this picture is Hitler and Communism. Now back in WWII The Soviet Union and America worked together to take down Nazism. In this picture the Soviet Union views Hitler as a disfigured human being, because his ideals are disfigured to them.
This piece of propaganda is from Germany during WWII. In this propaganda Germany is displaying what the general term of "Soviet Freedom" is. They view it as slavery, and view the Soviets as cruel and heartless. Ironically, Germany at the time was doing this to the Jews, only worse.
Galileo Demonstrating the New Astronomical Theories at the University of Padua, Félix Parra, 1873, From the collection of: Museo Nacional de Arte
Galileo introduced the theory that the Earth and all the other planets rotate around the Sun, and not the other way around. The church looked down at Galileo because his ideas contradicted their own.