The Securities and Exchange Commission was established in 1934 to regulate the commerce in stocks, bonds, and other securities. After the October 29, 1929, stock market crash, reflections on its cause prompted calls for reform.
One of the most famous and successful projects begun by the federal government during the Great Depression was the Tennessee Valley Authority. President Franklin D. Roosevelt set up many new projects and agencies to help the hardest hit areas of the United States. In 1933 the Tennessee River valley was continually dealing with floods, deforestation, and eroded land. The TVA aimed to help reduce these problems by teaching better farming methods, replanting trees, and building dams.
WPA was the largest and most ambitious American New Deal agency, employing millions of unemployed people (mostly unskilled men) to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads. Formed on May 6, 1935. Headed by Harry Hopkins, the WPA provided jobs and income to the unemployed during the Great Depression in the United States.
CCC was a public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men from relief families as part of the New Deal. Formed in March 1933, CCC was one of the first New Deal programs. It was a public works project intended to promote environmental conservation and to build good citizens through vigorous, disciplined outdoor labor.
Dorothea Lange is one of a series of photographs that Dorothea Lange made of Florence Owens Thompson and her children. Lange was working for the Farm Security Administration as part of a team of photographers documenting the impact of federal programs in improving rural conditions.It was in the pea camps that she captured her most iconic images.
Dorothea Lange was a photographer during the Great Depression. Dorothea took many pictures showing how bad and lonesome people were during the Great Depression. Dorothea's photos gave America a very detailed description of what life was like then.
Bonus Army was an assemblage of 43,000 marchers and 17,000 WW1 veterans. They demanded cash payments of their service certificates it was known as the Bonus Expeditionary Force. This was led by Walter Waters former army sergeant.
Hobos - A hobo is a migratory worker or homeless vagabond—especially one who is impoverished. Hobos had no other choice but to hop a freight and look for work. Hundreds of thousands of men & women have hopped on a moving freight train, which was extremely dangerous.
Hoover Dam was a marvel of engineering and labor built during the great depression. The original name of the Hoover Dam was know as Boulder Dam. Six construction firms created a consortium call Six Company, Inc. to submit a competitive proposal to build Hoover Dam.
Thirty-six other states held their own bank holidays in an attempt to stem the bank runs. President Franklin Roosevelt set out to rebuild confidence in the nation's banking system, first declaring a three-day banking holiday that shut down the banking system. The Act, which also broadened the powers of the President during a banking crisis, was divided into five titles.
Around 1929 soup kitchens started when the effect of a growing began. When soup kitchens were first started they were ran by churches or private charities, by the mid 1930s states & federal governments were running them. Soup kitchens served mostly soup and bread. Soup was economical because water could be added to serve more people, if necessary. Al Capone, the notorious gangster from Chicago, established the first soup kitchen.
Thousands of unemployed residents who could not pay their rent or mortgages were evicted into the world of public assistance and bread lines. Although most of people on the breadline were capable laborers, the lack of employment opportunities made them unable to make any production and forced them to wait on a crowded line for most of the day-time. Many capable workers were forced to accept the little ration provided by the government.
"Hooverville was a shanty town built by homeless people during the Great Depression. They were named after the president Herbert Hoover, who was blamed for the onset of the Depression. In the 1932 presidential election by Democrat Franklin Roosevelt (1882-1945), whose New Deal recovery programs eventually helped lift the U.S. out of the Depression.
New Deal - A series of domestic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938. FDR established a group of government programs and polices. The new deal was started to improve conditions for people suffering in the Great Depression.
Dust Bowl - A period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the US and Canadian prairies during the 1930's. The severe drought and a failure to apply dryland farming methods to prevent wind erosion caused the phenomenon. By 1940, more than 2.5 million people had fled from the regions affected by the Dust Bowl, nearly 10 percent moved to California.
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