This piece shows a marketplace interaction. The piece depicts a distinct contrast between the customers and the shopkeeper. The shopkeeper appears as a owl creature which stand higher and wiser than the rest. The customers appear very small and decrepit and as different animals.
The overall appearance for me conveys a large gap in the social standing. This is a reflection of Gilgamesh before meeting Enkidu. He is the wise, all powerful king of the Uruk and his people bend to his will, wisdom and strength. He takes boys from families to become soldier and brides before their wedding night. Although not specifically stated, my belief is that he views all his subjects as below him and treats them as such.
Although painted in 1629, it also has cultural relevance in modern society here in America. The current 'belief' that society is run by the wealthy and powerful is a common theme in politics and media.