The Korean War
In 1950, the National Security Council completed an analysis of US Foreign Policy, Its details were explained in the NSC-68.
NSC-68 concluded that the Soviet Union was seeking to impose its absolute authority over the rest of the world. War was considered imminent.
As a result, the United States increased its annual defense to approx. $52 million. It bolstered its troops and ammunition significantly.
On June 25, 1959, North Korean troops suddenly invade South Korea.
Truman saw the invasion as being equal the attack on Pearl Harbor and ordered US troops to defend South Korea.
The reasoning attributed to the war was that the US needed to stop communist aggression and demonstrate its ability to oppose Soviet influence.
US successfully stopped a North Korean Victory. However, they faced the dilemna of confronting Chinese nationalists in the region. They withdrew to the 38th parallel.
General MacArthur did not share the same passive views as Truman. He suggested publicly that the US should confront Chinese. He was subsequently fired by Truman in 1951.
Truce negotiations lasted two years and Truman allowed the Koreans that did not want to be repatriated to stay. Ultimately, the Korean War cost 34,000 American lives.
The United States adopted a more aggressive policy in Asia. The 7th fleet was sent to the region and it is still present today.
The US also sent aid to support France's efforts in IndoChina. It believed that fall of this region would increase communism.
In 1947, Japan implemented a constitution that prohibited war. In exchange for economic support, Japan allowed the US to build military bases in its country.
The United States formed alliances with former enemies in Europe as well, Spain and Italy. It established bases in exchange for military support.
Truman's foreign policies were not viewed as effective by general population. Corruption within the government and economic instability characterized his final years as President.
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