Neoclassicism is the name given to Western period of art.  This art period draws inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome. Neoclassicism was born after the Rocco and late Baroque styles in the mid 18th century. These artists wanted a style that could show the absolute truth about life. The movement was an educational one because the artists
believed that art should spread knowledge and the ideas of the enlightenment.

This painting is an oil on canvas painting portraying Antiochus is the son of Seleucus a general of Alexander the Great and founder of the dynasty of the Seleucids . He falls secretly in love with the new wife of his father, Stratonice , daughter of the king of Macedonia Demetrius I Poliorcetes . He’s so guilty about it that he gets sick. When he is dying, the physician Erasistratus discovered the source of his illness and his heart quickened when Stratonice enters the room. His father then collapses at the foot of the bed.
This painting shows the ancient influence of the bath houses.
This piece of artwork represents the love story poem. The ancient influenced is shown here by the grapes and the clothing.
She is captured with her expansive gesture in the midst of reciting – almost like a ‘tableau vivant’ as it were. Kauffmann played a strong part in the development of this genre, which straddled posing portrait and history painting as ‘Ereignisbild’ involving a single figure. She paints her confidently declaiming friend the poetess
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